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historicalmarkerproject/markers/HMF02_navigating-sandy-hook-waters_Highlands-NJ.html
The broad expanse of New York Harbor is misleading. Shoals and sandbars pose underwater threats to navigation and ships must stay in channels for safe passage. Until the Ambrose Channel was created, all ships entered the harbor through a natura…
historicalmarkerproject/markers/HMEZU_powerhouse_Highlands-NJ.html
The building in front of you is the powerhouse. Inside the large double doors to your right were the engines and dynamos used to produce electrical power to light the lamp for the 1898 south tower Fresnel lens. This brick building, built in 1909, …
historicalmarkerproject/markers/HMEZO_twin-lights-mystery-cannon_Highlands-NJ.html
During construction of the present lighthouse in 1861, a cannon was found buried on the grounds. It was placed in front of the keeper's house and for a century was the "mystery" cannon of Twin Lights. There are still unanswered questions about the…
historicalmarkerproject/markers/HMEZI_200-years-of-service_Middletown-NJ.html
From the first federally funded lifesaving stations built in 1849 to today's busy bases, the history of the United States Coast Guard can be traced along New Jersey's coast. In 1915, the Life-Saving Marine Service were combined to form the U.S.…
historicalmarkerproject/markers/HMEZH_protecting-american-coasts_Middletown-NJ.html
Established in 1943, to store and supply ammunition for the Atlantic fleet, the Earle Naval Weapons Station plays a key role in protecting American coastal cities and ports. Its deep-water pier is 2.9 miles long and can service several naval vesse…
historicalmarkerproject/markers/HMEZ6_rodman-gun_Highlands-NJ.html
Developed in the Civil War era, this type of 20-inch gun gave the U.S. the largest muzzle-loading cannon ever made. At the same time, however, rifled guns were being developed which made all smoothbore cannon obsolete. With spin from spiral gro…
historicalmarkerproject/markers/HMEZ3_mortar-battery_Highlands-NJ.html
Four mortars occupied a single pit. With twelve other mortars in nearby pits, they were designed to fire simultaneously, lobbing 12-inch, 800-pound shells in high arcs, to penetrate ships' lightly-armored decks. Built in the early 1890's, this was…
historicalmarkerproject/markers/HMEZ1_fort-hancock_Highlands-NJ.html
Sandy Hook has been fortified to defend New York Harbor for more than two centuries - first by British Loyalists occupying the Sandy Hook Lighthouse during the American Revolution and the American troops constructed a wooden palisade fort during t…
historicalmarkerproject/markers/HMEYY_nike-ajax-explosion-memorial_Highlands-NJ.html
Nike Ajax ExplosionBattery B. 526th Missile BattalionLeonardo, New Jersey In Memoriam22 May 1958 Sgt. Daniel J. LavengoodSgt. Jerome W. MouldSP3 Walter E. BerrySP3 William I. CochranPFC Donald L. MarshPvt. Nicklos J. Composino Ord. Corps …
historicalmarkerproject/markers/HMEYS_the-guns-of-sandy-hook_Highlands-NJ.html
The guns and missiles are silent now, most of them gone to scrap metal. But from colonial times until 1974, a series of defenses stood on Sandy Hook to guard New York Harbor. Here, for almost fifty years, the Army tested all its guns. And for eigh…
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