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The Fort Riley Trail (northern route) passed by this spot beginning in 1853 when the Fort was established. The trail came from Fort Leavenworth. Mounted and foot soldiers used this northern route because the river valley silt and sand would not pe…
Innovative businessman, fervent Congregationalist, abolitionist and philanthropist, Ichobad Washburn is the generous benefactor from Massachusetts after whom Washburn University is named.
Organized by the Congregational Church occupied a building erected in 1865. It was Topeka's first college and preparatory school with classes starting January 3, 1866. Renamed for Ichabod Washburn, the college moved to its present campus in 187…
Purchase from the Santa Fe Railway Co. and renovated for state office facilities
This property, formerly Hayden High School, is part of the Church of the Assumption Historic District, listed on the National Register of Historic Places
"I began to realize, as I never had before, how much the health of each of us depends on the health of all of us." Frontier physician, public health visionary and child health advocate, Samuel J. Crumbine was a man of tremendous curiosity whose…
Before it became the Kansas capital, Topeka was the seat of a free-state government — an alternative to the official proslavery territorial legislature elected in 1855. These two bodies represented opposing factions in Kansas' battle over sl…
The Kansa, for whom the state is named, once occupied 20 million acres of land in eastern and northern Kansas. In 1825 the U.S. government reduced the lands to a reservation west of Topeka. In 1846 tribe members were sent to a 256,000 acre reserva…
In 1855, the new town of Lecompton was named the capital of Kansas Territory. President James Buchanan appointed a governor and officials to establish government offices in Lecompton, and construction began on an elegant capitol building. In the f…
Alongside the church, the schools were anchors of African American life in Topeka. With the rise of an all-black teaching force in the city's black schools in the 1880s, teachers formed the backbone of the black middle class. They believed that ed…