May 25, 1862
General Stonewall Jackson with 16,000 Confederates defeated General N.P. Banks and 6,000 Federals. On May 24, at Middletown, 12 miles South, Jackson attacked Banks' army withdrawing toward Winchester, cutting off the rear guard and capturing or destroying a large number of wagons. Jackson launched his attack on Winchester at 5 a.m. May 25. Contesting this thrust was Colonel George Gordon's 3rd Brigade. General Dick Taylor's Louisiana Brigade, reinforced by the 10th and 23rd Virginia, succeeded in flanking Gordon on the west, while troops of Jackson's division pressed Gordon's center and left. General R.S. Ewell on the southeast approaches to Winchester saw his first attack repulsed. Calling up his reserves, Ewell moved against Colonel D. Donnelly's Union Brigade. All Federal positions were taken by 8 a.m. and Banks' army fled North through town. Confederate pursuit was hindered by lack of Cavalry.