Kernstown Battles

Kernstown Battles (HM136)

Location: Winchester, VA 22602
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 8.403', W 78° 11.678'

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Around this site and a mile to the west occurred two major battles of the Civil War.

First Kernstown
March 23, 1862 Stonewall Jackson attacked what appeared to be a withdrawing federal force led by federal Br. Gen. Shields. Desperate fighting along a stone wall west of here ended with the arrival of federal reinforcements and Jackson was forced to withdraw. This action opened Jackson's famous Valley Campaign and succeeded in preventing the withdrawal of Federals from the Valley to reinforce an attack underway at Richmond.

Second Kernstown
July 23, 1864 - Federal General George Crooke's corps was camped to the north of here after pursuing confederate Gen. Jubal Early's force from its raid on Washington, D.C. Early attacked Crooke's forward positions around Prichard's Hill and Hogue Run. The federals withdrew in disorder after heavy fighting and Early followed up with raids on Martinsburg, W.Va. and Chambersburg, Pa. This battle opened the final phases of the 1864 Valley Campaign.
HM NumberHM136
Series This marker is part of the Battlefield Trails - Civil War series
Year Placed1991
Placed ByWinchester-Frederick Co. Historical Society
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, October 17th, 2014 at 5:49am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 742461 N 4336066
Decimal Degrees39.14005000, -78.19463333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 8.403', W 78° 11.678'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 8' 24.18" N, 78° 11' 40.68" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)540
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 220 State Rte 706, Winchester VA 22602, US
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