The Great Fire of 1862

The Great Fire of 1862 (HM13AV)

Location: Troy, NY 12180 Rensselaer County
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Country: United States of America
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N 42° 43.94', W 73° 41.257'

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On May 10, 1862, much of downtown Troy [N.Y.] was destroyed by the worst fire the city has ever known. Sparks from a steam engine set fire to the wooden bridge to Green Island, and a strong wind spread the flames across the city. By night fall, over 500 houses, stores and businesses on seventy-five acres were no more than smoking ruins.

The Great Fire occurred at the height of the Civil War, when Troy's economy was booming with war-related industries. Rebuilding began almost immediately, and within six months, all of River Street had been rebuilt. Many of the new buildings, like those on Fifth Avenue, were designed in the fashionable Italianate style with round-arched doors and windows and heavy stone moldings.


Troy, May 11, 1862. The horse and wagon are on Fifth Avenue, facing south at the corner of Federal Street. The shaded portion of the 1858 map shows the area destroyed by the Great Fire. [Rensselaer County Historical Society map, Joseph A. Parker photograph]
HM NumberHM13AV
Placed ByNew York State Office of Parks, Recreation, and Historic Preservation, and the Heritage Area Program
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, October 18th, 2014 at 10:50pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 607434 N 4731926
Decimal Degrees42.73233333, -73.68761667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 42° 43.94', W 73° 41.257'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds42° 43' 56.40" N, 73° 41' 15.42" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)518, 212
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 450-498 Fulton St, Troy NY 12180, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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