Prudence Crandall

Prudence Crandall (HM13BD)

Location: Elk Falls, KS 67345 Elk County
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Country: United States of America
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N 37° 22.362', W 96° 12.013'

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In 1831, Prudence Crandall, educator, emancipator, and human rights advocate, established a school which in 1833, became the first Black female academy in New England at Canterbury, Connecticut. This later action resulted in her arrest and imprisonment for violating the "Black Law."

Although she was later released on a technicality, the school was forced to close after being harassed and attacked by a mob. She moved with her husband Reverend Calvin Philleo to Illinois.

After her husband died in 1874, she and her brother moved to a farm near Elk Falls. Prudence taught throughout her long life and was an outspoken champion for equality of education and the rights of women. In 1886, supported by Mark Twain and others, an annuity was granted to her by the Connecticut Legislature. She purchased a house in Elk Falls where she died January 27, 1890.

Over a hundred years later, legal arguments used by her 1834 trial attorneys were submitted to the Supreme Court during their consideration of the historic civil rights case of Brown vs. Topeka Board of Education.
HM NumberHM13BD
Series This marker is part of the Kansas: Kansas Historical Society series
Marker Number112
Placed ByKansas Historical Society and Kansas Department of Transportation
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, October 4th, 2014 at 2:09am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14S E 747918 N 4139896
Decimal Degrees37.37270000, -96.20021667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 22.362', W 96° 12.013'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 22' 21.72" N, 96° 12' 0.78" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)620
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 360 Osage, Elk Falls KS 67345, US
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