Hampshire County Courthouse

Hampshire County Courthouse (HM13T9)

Location: Romney, WV 26757 Hampshire County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 20.52', W 78° 45.378'

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Secession and Occupation

On May 23, 1861, Virginians voted in a statewide referendum to approve or disapprove the Ordinance of Secession that the convention in Richmond had passed on April 17. Here at the Hampshire County Courthouse, 1,188 out of 2,635 eligible voters approved and 788 disapproved secession. Virginia seceded from the Union, and the Hampshire County Committee of Safety voted to raise $10,000 to support the Confederate war effort.

Although Hampshire County became part of the new state of West Virginia, county residents generally sided with the Confederacy during the war. On May 18, 1861, two local militia companies, the Hampshire Guards and the Frontier Riflemen, left Romney to join other Confederate units training at Harpers Ferry. During the course of the war, Hampshire County raised thirteen Confederate companies and only one for the Union. After the war, on September 26, 1867, Hampshire County dedicated what is perhaps the first Confederate Memorial in the United States. It still stands in Romney's Indian Mound Cemetery.

Several times during the war, the troops of one side or the other occupied the Hampshire County Courthouse. As usual in such cases, the building suffered from rough treatment. Soldiers from both armies often found themselves searching for any type of structure that would provide protection from the weather. Camps were temporary, and the soldiers had only tents or crude cabins for shelter.
HM NumberHM13T9
Series This marker is part of the West Virginia Civil War Trails series
Placed ByWest Virginia Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, September 26th, 2014 at 11:37pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 693356 N 4357130
Decimal Degrees39.34200000, -78.75630000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 20.52', W 78° 45.378'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 20' 31.20" N, 78° 45' 22.68" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)304
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 6 E Main St, Romney WV 26757, US
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