Jenkins in Buckhannon

Jenkins in Buckhannon (HM13V0)

Location: Buckhannon, WV 26201 Upshur County
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 59.07', W 80° 13.404'

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The Raiders Strike

— Jenkins's Raid —

(Preface): Confederate Gen. Albert G. Jenkins led 550 cavalrymen on a 500-mile raid from Salt Sulphur Springs, Aug. 22-Sept. 12, 1862, attacking Federal forces and destroying military stores. He captured and paroled 300 Union soldiers, killed or wounded 1,000 others, destroyed about 5,000 small arms, and seized funds from a U.S. paymaster. At Ravenswood, he forded the Ohio River and raised the Confederate flag in Ohio on Sept. 4. He captured Racine, recrossed the river, and ended the raid at Red House on the Kanawha River.

Confederate Gen. Albert G. Jenkins and his cavalry halted a few miles east of Buckhannon on the Staunton and Parkersburg Turnpike on August 30, 1862. He knew that an immense quantity of Union supplies and several thousand small arms were stockpiled there. "After a few hours for rest and food, "Jenkins reported, "we proceeded down French Creek toward the town of Buckhannon. The population along this creek is among the most disloyal in all western Virginia."

The day before, the Federal garrison in Buckhannon had learned of Jenkins's approach. Units were called quickly into service, including Co. E, 10th West Virginia Infantry; the Upshur Battery and Battery E, West Virginia Light Artillery; and the Home Militia. The Home Militia was not regularly equipped—-the members brought their personal shotguns, muskets and rifles.

When the defenders marched to Battle Hill (present-day Water Tank Hill, in front of you) to entrench on August 30, they were surprised to find the Confederates already there. The Federals quickly threw up breastworks of rails, logs, and straw stacks nearby, including across the junction of Marion and Kanawha Street below the hill and near this triangle park. Jenkins attacked. The defenders fought until the Confederate fire got too hot for them and beat a hasty retreat and scattered in every direction.

Jenkins's men gathered all of the arms and supplies they could carry away, burned the rest, and then headed for Weston. They also took all of the surgical instruments and left only a handsaw to treat wounded Federals.
HM NumberHM13V0
Series This marker is part of the West Virginia Civil War Trails series
Placed ByWest Virginia Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 29th, 2014 at 10:04am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 567262 N 4315343
Decimal Degrees38.98450000, -80.22340000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 59.07', W 80° 13.404'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 59' 4.20" N, 80° 13' 24.24" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)304
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 142-156 Barbour St, Buckhannon WV 26201, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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