Civil War in Allegany County

Civil War in Allegany County (HM13)

Location: Cumberland, MD 21502 Allegany County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 38.961', W 78° 45.807'

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Strategic Location

During the Civil War, thousands ofUnited States soldiers were stationedhere in Cumberland and AlleganyCounty to guard against raids andincursions by Confederate forces.Located only about 130 miles fromthe capital at Washington. D.C.,and a short march from Winchester,Virginia, and Romney, West Virginia,at the lower end of the ShenandoahValley, this area was strategically important to both sides in the conflict. Here in Cumberland was thewestern terminus of the Chesapeakeand Ohio Canal. The National Road,a principal east-west thoroughfare, also ran through the area. Most significantly, Cumberland was a major stop on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, an artery used for the rapid transportation of Federal troops,supplies, and equipment. The protection of this vital lifeline between Wheeling, West Virginia, and Washington was concentrated in Cumberland. Because of its importance to the Union war effort, the railroadin Allegany County became a prime target for Confederate raiders. Allegany County also became home to a large United States military hospital complex, where thousands ofsick, injured, and wounded soldiers received medical care. After the war ended, Cumberland became a major demobilization base.

Please enjoy your MarylandCivil War Trails tour and drive carefully. We hope you learn a great dealabout the important role our community played in the conduct andoutcome of the Civil War.
HM NumberHM13
Series This marker is part of the Maryland Civil War Trails series
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, October 10th, 2014 at 12:15am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 691893 N 4391230
Decimal Degrees39.64935000, -78.76345000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 38.961', W 78° 45.807'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 38' 57.66" N, 78° 45' 48.42" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)301, 240
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 119 S Mechanic St, Cumberland MD 21502, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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