Civil War Action At "Ashland"

Civil War Action At "Ashland" (HM15FG)

Location: Lexington, KY 40502 Fayette County
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 1.702', W 84° 28.757'

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October 18, 1862

While Confederate Armies were retreating from Kentucky after the Battle of Perryville, Colonel John Hunt Morgan operated behind the pursuing Union Army, with Colonel Basil W. Duke's Second Kentucky Cavalry Regiment, Colonel Richard M. Gano's Cavalry Battalion and Colonel William Campbell Preston Breckinridge's Cavalry Battalion, along with a two-gun section of artillery under Sergeant C. C. Corbett. Morgan rode from Bryantsville through Lancaster to Gum Springs and Richmond, then toward Lexington.

Scouts having reported that two battalions from the third and forth Ohio Cavalry Regiments were camped in a woodlot behind the Clay Mansion near Lexington and some were in town. Morgan divided his command.

Gango's and Breckinridge's battalions, with the artillery, proceeded across the Kentucky River at Clay's Ferry and approached "Ashland" by way of the Richard Road, Morgan, with Duke's second Kentucky, crossed the river below Clay's Ferry and then took by-roads to the Tates Creek Pike and approached "Ashland" from the south, while directing two companies toward the town of Lexington to arrest any movement of enemy cavalry there.

At dawn, October 18, 1862, Breckinridge's dismounted troopers attached the Ohioans who were camped in the woods ahead in this direction from the Richmond Road at left, with Gano's battalion, mounted, forming behind. Corbett's artillery opened fire in this direction.

From within Breckinridge's ranks, at the same time, Duke's second Kentucky arrived here, dismounted to the right, and opened fire upon the Ohioans' rear. The Ohioans broke in confusion, those not killed were captured or scattered. Morgan's cousin, Major George Washington Morgan, was mortally wounded nearby; He died at "Hopemont" in Lexington.

Morgan's men captured two companies of the Forth Ohio Cavalry at the Phoenix Hotel and the Courthouse in town. Morgan Paroled 290 captured Union officers and men at the Clay Mansion. His command then left Lexington that afternoon to return to Tennessee.

ConfederateColonel John Hunt Morgan, Commanding

Second Kentucky Cavalry RegimentColonel Basil W. Duke, Commanding

Gano's Battalion
(Seventh Kentucky Cavalry Regiment)
Colonel Richard M. Gano, Commanding.

Breckinridge's Battalion
(Ninth Kentucky Cavalry Regiment)
Colonel William Campell
Preston Breckinridge, Commanding.

Artillery section (two mountain howitzers)
Sergeant C. C. Corbett, Commanding.

1800 engaged; killed, wounded and missing, unknown.

Third Ohio Cavalry Regiment
Third Battalion, Major Charles B. Seidel, Commanding

Fourth Ohio Cavalry Regiment
Companies A, B, C, D, E, G and H, Major Oliver P. Robie, Commanding

294 engaged; 4 killed, 290 captured of whom 24 were wounded
HM NumberHM15FG
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, October 9th, 2014 at 1:20pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 721244 N 4211961
Decimal Degrees38.02836667, -84.47928333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 1.702', W 84° 28.757'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 1' 42.12" N, 84° 28' 45.42" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)859
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 120 Sycamore Rd, Lexington KY 40502, US
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