A Pivotal Battle

A Pivotal Battle (HM15TA)

Location: Baltimore, MD 21230
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 15.925', W 76° 34.757'

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British ships launched an attack on Fort McHenry early on September 13, 1814. The fort defended the water approach to the city of Baltimore. The future of the city and possibly the United States depended on the outcome. After the American defeat at Bladensburg, and the British capture and partial burning of Washington, D.C. a loss here would be devastating.

Francis Scott Key witnessed the 25-hour bombardment. At "dawn's early light" on September 14th, the shelling stopped; the British attack had failed. As the enemy fleet withdrew down the Patapsco River, the defenders hoisted a huge 30x42-foot American flag. The sight of the flag inspired Key to write the words that would become America's national anthem.

"And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall wave, O'er the land of the free, and the home of the brave." Third stanza "The Star Spangled Banner"


The Star Spangled Banner, circa 1913 Percy Moran

(Side bar)

Throughout Baltimore you can find links to people and events that helped turn the tide of the War of 1812:
* Maryland Historical Society Museum — 1812 exhibits; original manuscript of "The Star Spangled Banner"
* Inner Harbor Visitor Center — Exhibits; information about Baltimore War of 1812 sites
* Here at Fort McHenry National Monument and Historic Shrine — Tour the visitor center (exhibits and film); explore the grounds and daily activities
* Flag House and Star-Spangled Banner Museum — Programs about the flag that inspired the national anthem
* Fells Point Visitor Center, 1724-26 Thames Street — Self guiding walking tour brochure of historic seaport
HM NumberHM15TA
Series This marker is part of the Star Spangled Banner National Historic Trail series
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, September 12th, 2014 at 8:48am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 363756 N 4347419
Decimal Degrees39.26541667, -76.57928333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 15.925', W 76° 34.757'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 15' 55.50" N, 76° 34' 45.42" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)410, 301
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 2400 E Fort Ave, Baltimore MD 21230, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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