Tobacco's Impact

Tobacco's Impact (HM16JA)

Location: Hollywood, MD 20636 St Mary's County
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 22.554', W 76° 32.406'

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Tobacco farming dramatically changed Southern Maryland's natural environment by depleting the rich soils of nutrients. In the 18th and 19th centuries, farmers rotated fields, introduced fertilizers and guano (bat dung), and employed deeper plowing methods to maintain production levels. All these activities taxed the environment.

The laborious, 14 month farming cycle impacted the social and racial landscapes, as well. Beginning in the late 17th century plantation owners turned to African slaves to work the "the money crop." Transported across the Atlantic Ocean in deplorable conditions, these slaves were housed in spartan "cabins" here in the colonies. Sotterley's lone surviving slave cabin dates from c. 1850.
HM NumberHM16JA
Placed ByChesapeake Bay Gateways Network
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, October 10th, 2014 at 11:46am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 365472 N 4248645
Decimal Degrees38.37590000, -76.54010000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 22.554', W 76° 32.406'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 22' 33.24" N, 76° 32' 24.36" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)301
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 44300 Sotterley Ln, Hollywood MD 20636, US
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