Mathew Brady's photograph of three Southern prisoners posing on Seminary Ridge is among the most famous images of Confederate soldiers taken during the Civil War. The stone wall in front of you occupies the ground where the breastworks depicted in the photo once stood. Like more than 5,000 other Confederate soldiers captured by the Federal army during the battle, these men were eventually incarcerated in Northern prison facilities, such as Fort Delaware near Wilmington, Maryland, (sic) and Johnson's Island, on Lake Erie in Ohio.
Roughly 6,000 seriously wounded Confederate soldiers fell into Union hands after the Battle of Gettysburg. Several high-ranking Confederate officers recuperated at the Seminary Hospital before being transferred to prison, including, Generals James Kemper and Isaac Trimble, both of whom were wounded during Pickett's Charge, and Major Henry Kyd Douglas, an aide serving on the staff of General Edward Johnson. By the end of August, 41 Confederate patients remained at this hospital site.