Guarding Springfield

Guarding Springfield (HM1ARB)

Location: Springfield, TN 37172 Robertson County
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Country: United States of America
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N 36° 30.452', W 86° 52.813'

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The Federal Occupation

Early in the war, townswomen met at the Henry H. Kirk house, just north of here, to sew uniforms and blankets for Confederated soldiers after Kirk bought sewing machines and patterns in St. Louis, Missouri. When the 9th Pennsylvania Cavalry hoisted the Stars and Stripes in Springfield on March 25, 1862, however, the Federal occupation began and shaped everyday life here for the rest of the war.

Pvt. William Thomas of the 9th Pennsylvania wrote in his diary that he "camped on a Hill looking over the town, name of hill-pulltight." The Federals constructed a fortified camp here to observe the city and protect the Edgefield and Kentucky Railroad. A line of earth-works was built from the fort's north side to Sulphur Fork Creek, and another line extended a mile from the south end of the camp. Union soldiers also manned railroad blockhouses at Baker's Station, the Ridgetop Trestle, the Dry Creek Trestle (Greenbrier), Sulphur Fork Trestle and the Red River Blockhouse No. 1 near Adams. The Federal troops guarded the town spring and confiscated firearms from local citizens, including the tools of local gunsmith Philip Anglin.

The occupying forces confiscated what they needed. At an abandoned Confederate base, Camp Cheatham near Cedar Hill, soldiers recalled" "(We) tore down Houses that was used by the Secesh for Commissary and Hospital (and) used the boards to floor our tents." By August 1864, Col. Thomas J. Downey and the 15th U.S. Colored Infantry were stationed here and guarded the town and its valuable railroad line until the end of the war.

Kirk House - Courtesy Robertson County Archives
15th PA Cavalry Camp - Courtesy Robertson County Archives
Series This marker is part of the Tennessee: Tennessee Civil War Trails series
Placed ByTennessee Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, September 28th, 2014 at 11:06am PDT -07:00
Photo Credits: [2] RAGLAND  
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 510726 N 4040250
Decimal Degrees36.50753333, -86.88021667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 36° 30.452', W 86° 52.813'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds36° 30' 27.12" N, 86° 52' 48.78" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)615
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 510-512 S Brown St, Springfield TN 37172, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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