The Revolutionary War at Green-WoodOn July 4, 1776, the United States issued its Declaration of Independence from Great Britain. As the summer progressed, General George Washington and his Continental Army held Brooklyn and New York City, while the British gathered their forces on Staten Island for an attack. But Washington did not know where the British attack would take place - would it be along the Hudson River, on the west side of Manhattan, up the East River, or in Brooklyn? On August 22, the answer came - the British were landing at Gravesend, on the southwest shore of Brooklyn. On the night of August 26, one army, under Lord Cornwallis, flanked the Americans with a night march to the east, and turned west through Jamica Pass to come in behind many of the Patriot troops. Another army, under the command of General James Grant, marched west on Martense Lane (now Green-Wood's Border Avenue) towards the Martense Lane Pass (also within Green-Wood). A third army, under the Hessian General Von Heister, moved northwest between Grant and Cornwallis. In the early morning hours of August 27, 1776, the British began their attack, sparking the Battle of Brooklyn, the first after the Declaration of Independence, and the largest battle of the entire American Revolution. It was fought across much of Brooklyn, including this ground. Cornwallis's encirclement and attack on the Patriot rear surprised and devastated them, causing their defeat. It would not be until seven years later that the Revolutionary War ended in triumph for the Americans.
|Marker Condition||No reports yet|
|Date Added||Wednesday, September 17th, 2014 at 7:41pm PDT -07:00|
|UTM (WGS84 Datum)||18T E 585383 N 4501183|
|Decimal Degrees||40.65710000, -73.98998333|
|Degrees and Decimal Minutes||N 40° 39.426', W 73° 59.399'|
|Degrees, Minutes and Seconds||40° 39' 25.56" N, 73° 59' 23.94" W|
|Driving Directions||Google Maps|
|Area Code(s)||646, 718, 917|
|Closest Postal Address||At or near 155-199 Battle Avenue, Clinton NY 11215, US|
|Alternative Maps||Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap|
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