Battles of Blue Springs

Battles of Blue Springs (HM1BGQ)

Location: Mosheim, TN 37818 Greene County
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Country: United States of America
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N 36° 11.152', W 82° 56.068'

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Inscription

Fighting on the Same Ground Twice

On the morning of October 10, 1863, Union Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside's campaign suddenly arrived at Blue Springs(present-day Mosheim) when Union cavalry attacked Confederate General John S. Williams's troops. By noon, the Confederate lines were stretched to the breaking point. At 5 P.M., Union infantrymen broke through the forward line of rifle pits, but heavy cannon and musket fire from the main Confederate positions drove them back. Three more assaults on the main Confederate line failed when Confederate Infantry and artillery fire shot them to pieces. After dark, the Confederates withdrew. The Federals pursued them in the morning, and later that day they met again in Rheatown. The tired Confederates escaped toward Jonesborough.

Union Gen. Alvan C. Gillem's cavalry force marching from Bulls Gap met a small Confederate force on the same battlefield on August 23, 1864. The Federals engaged Confederate Col. Henry L. Giltner's 4th Kentucky Cavalry pickets and drove them back two miles toward the ridge south of Greeneville Road, where they encountered more Confederate troops. Giltner's men repulsed repeated Union attacks. Then William Brown, a local boy, pointed out a "by road" to Union Col. John K. Miller who used it to reposition his 13th Tennessee Cavalry. His next attack turned the Confederate left flank. A frontal assault then broke the Confederate line and resulted in "a running fight, which was closed by night two miles beyond Greeneville, the enemy halting and endeavoring several times to reform." Gillem reported Union control of Greene County was again assured, for the time being.

(captions)
Lloyd's Official Map of the State of Tennessee, 1863 Courtesy Library of Congress
Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside Courtesy Library of Congress
Gen. Alvan C. Gillem Courtesy Library of Congress
Gen John S. Williams Courtesy Library of Congress
Details
HM NumberHM1BGQ
Series This marker is part of the Tennessee: Tennessee Civil War Trails series
Tags
Placed ByTennessee Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, October 8th, 2014 at 1:30am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 326051 N 4006298
Decimal Degrees36.18586667, -82.93446667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 36° 11.152', W 82° 56.068'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds36° 11' 9.12" N, 82° 56' 4.08" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)423
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 6897-6907 W Andrew Johnson Hwy, Mosheim TN 37818, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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