Cross of the Martyrs

Cross of the Martyrs (HM1DYA)

Location: Santa Fe, NM 87501 Santa Fe County
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Country: United States of America
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N 35° 41.726', W 105° 56.346'

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Inscription

Cruz de los M?rtires

In 1598 a group of Spanish colonists, led by Juan de O?ate of Zacatecas, Mexico, established a settlement along the banks of the Rio Grande north of present-day Espa?ola. In 1610 Governor Pedro de Peralta relocated the capital of the province to Santa Fe. Between 1610 and 1680, colonists moved into New Mexico, living primarily along the Rio Grande. Franciscan friars established missions at most of the Indian pueblos. Life was not always peaceful. In order to regain control of their homeland, in 1680, many pueblo people, led by Pop?, a San Juan Indian, united to drive the colonists out. Twenty-one Franciscan friars and numerous colonists were killed in what has come to be called the Pueblo Revolt. The rest of the settles fled south to El Paso del Norte. It was not until 1693 that the province was resettled under the leadership of Governor Diego de Vargas.

The cross, which commemorates the deaths of the friars and colonists, was designed by Ralph Emerson Twitchell, Edgar L. Street, and Warren G. Turley. It was constructed of reinforced concrete by the Midland Bridge Company, stands 25 feet high, is eight feet in depth, and weighs 76 tons. The cross was dedicated during the Santa Fe Fiesta in 1920. Another Cross of the Martyrs has been erected on Fort Marcy Hill by the Fiesta Council.

En 1598, pobladores Espa?oles, dirigidos por Juan de O?ate, de Zacatecas, M?xico, establecieron una colonia al lado del Rio Grande en un sitio localizado al norte de la presente ciudad de Espa?ola. En 1610, el Gobernador Pedro de Peralta cambio la capital de la provincia a Santa Fe. Desde 1610 hasta 1680, colonos vinieron a vivir en Nuevo M?xico principalmente en los m?rgenes del Rio Grande. Friales Franciscanos establecieron misiones en casi todos los pueblos Indios, pero no siempre fue la vida placible. En 1680, la mayor?a de estos pueblos ind?gnenos, dirigidos por Pop?, se juntaron para establecer su propia autoridad sobre este pa, y echaron afuera los colonos espa?oles. 21 frailes y n?meros colonos murieron en lo que hoy le dicen "La Rebeli?n de los Pueblos." Los sobrevivientes colonos se escaparon para El Paso del Norte. No regresaron los espa?oles a esta provincia hasta 1693, bajo la direcci?n del Gobernador Diego de Vargas.

Esta cruz, una conmemoraci?n de la muerte de los frailes y colonos, fue dise?ada por Ralph Emerson Twitchell, Edgar L. Street, y Walter G Turley. Fue construida de cimiento reforzado por el Midland Bridge Company, y tiene 25 pies de altura, 8 pies de ancha y pesa 76 toneladas. La cruz fue dedicada durante la Fiesta de Santa Fe en 1920. Otra Cruz de los M?rtires fue levantada en el cerro de Fort Marcy por el Concilio de la Fiesta.
Details
HM NumberHM1DYA
Tags
Year Placed1994
Placed ByHistoric Santa Fe Foundation
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, October 6th, 2014 at 6:39pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)13S E 415035 N 3950574
Decimal Degrees35.69543333, -105.93910000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 35° 41.726', W 105° 56.346'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds35° 41' 43.56" N, 105° 56' 20.76" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)505
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 651 Pso De La Cuma, Santa Fe NM 87501, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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