Fighting Back

Fighting Back (HM1EHO)

Location: Elkton, MD 21921 Cecil County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 36.471', W 75° 49.782'

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Inscription

Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail

British raiders traveled along rivers to Upper Bay towns in 1813. Elkton, at the head of Elk River, expected to be a target, because it could be a landing site for an advance on Philadelphia. Citizens of Elkton built three earthen forts and placed a chain across the river for defense. On April 29 they fended off a British assault. Focusing on easier targets, the British then struck Frenchtown, Havre de Grace, Fredericktown, Georgetown and Queenstown in quick succession.

On July 12, 1814, the British again attacked Elkton. The defenders "gave them in all eleven guns, so well directed, that they hastily...retreated down the river..." Only one other place in Maryland —St. Michaels—succeeded twice in repulsing British attacks.

"Two small batteries...in the town...opened their fire upon the barges, and...compelled them to retreat with considerable precipitation..."
Report on Elkton Skirmish in Alexandria Gazette, August 18, 1813

Nearby places to explore the War of 1812 in the Upper Bay:
Charlestown - Yielded to the British to avoid destruction of the town; period buildings
Lower Susquehanna Scenic Byway - 33-mile driving route from Havre de Grace to Perryville
Historic Elk Landing - Site of Fort Hollingsworth, a defensive earthwork that protected Elkton
Havre de Grace - Several sites that survived a British raid
Mount Harmon Plantation - 18th-century residence and tobacco prize house; Education and Discovery Center

Drawing
Fort Hollingsworth was one of the earthwork forts that successfully defended Elkton form two British attacks.
Details
HM NumberHM1EHO
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Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, October 14th, 2014 at 5:47pm PDT -07:00
Pictures
Photo Credits: [1] BRIDGER1963  
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 428773 N 4384562
Decimal Degrees39.60785000, -75.82970000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 36.471', W 75° 49.782'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 36' 28.26" N, 75° 49' 46.92" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)443, 410
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 101-103 E Main St, Elkton MD 21921, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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