Turning Lee's Flank

Turning Lee's Flank (HM1EK4)

Location: Doswell, VA 23047 Hanover County
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Country: United States of America
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N 37° 52.733', W 77° 30.309'

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Battle of North Anna River

— 1864 Overland Campaign —

Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia arrived here at the North Anna River on May 22, 1864. The next day, the Union Army of the Potomac followed, having maneuvered around the Confederates from the Wilderness through Spotsylvania Court House. Fighting raged along the river at Jericho Mill, Telegraph Road Bridge, Doswell House, and here at Ox Ford until May 26.

Lee's health declined just when his army needed him the most. His son Capt. Robert "Rob" E. Lee, Jr., worried, "Suppose disease should disable him, ? or, worse, should take him forever from the front of his men! ? It was too awful to consider." Confined to his tent, Lee muttered, "We must strike them a blow. We must not let them pass us again. We must strike them a blow." On May 27, however, the Federals turned Lee's flank again and marched south. The siege of Richmond that Lee feared was imminent, and the end of the Confederacy loomed.

The fighting also affected nearby civilians as Union soldiers plundered houses, carried off furniture and artwork, destroyed libraries, and scrawled graffiti on walls.

Slaves who escaped through the lines brought useful intelligence to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant. "Lee's army is really whipped," Grant wrote. "I feel that our success ? is already assured." A week later, the disastrous assault at Cold Harbor on June 3 dashed his hopes, and the struggle continued for another eleven months until the Confederate surrender at Appomattox Court House.

(upper left) Gen. Robert E. Lee Courtesy Library of Congress
(lower left) Jericho Mill on the North Anna River, 1864 — Courtesy Library of Congress
(lower right) Gen. Ulysses S. Grant Courtesy Library of Congress
HM NumberHM1EK4
Year Placed2014
Placed ByVirginia Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, October 17th, 2014 at 4:46am PDT -07:00
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 279675 N 4195335
Decimal Degrees37.87888333, -77.50515000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 52.733', W 77° 30.309'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 52' 43.98" N, 77° 30' 18.54" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)804
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 11572 State Rte 684, Doswell VA 23047, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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