Civil War In Mathews County

Civil War In Mathews County (HM1F3E)

Location: Mathews, VA 23109 Mathews County
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Country: United States of America
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N 37° 26.01', W 76° 19.309'

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Confederate Soldiers and Sailors

Several Confederate companies were organized here during the war. The Mathews Light Artillery (formerly Co. H, 61st Virginia Militia) was organized in July 1861. On May 14, 1862, it was accepted into Confederate States service as Capt Andrew D. Armistead's Company Virginia Light Artillery. A detachment under Capt. Robert E. Hudgins served at Gloucester Point. Armistead's company, reduced to 70 men, surrendered at Appomattox Court House on April 9, 1865, with the Army of Northern Virginia. Capt. Gabriel F. Miller's Mathews Light Dragoons entered service on July 21, 1861. Designated Co. F, 5th Virginia Cavalry, by November 1862, it served "as couriers and rear guard ? on the different marches through the Valley of Virginia." Capt. Alexander James's Co. D, 26th Virginia Infantry, mustered into service on May 28, 1861, at Gloucester Point.

From Mathews County Confederate Navy Capt. John Taylor Wood and Acting Master John Yates Beall raided commercial vessels. On the nights August 22-23, 1863, Wood captured the Union steamers Reliance and Satellite off Windmill Point on the Rappahannock River. Wood, commanding Satellite, returned to the river's mouth on August 25 and captured, stripped, and destroyed the Federal schooners Golden Rod, Coquette, and Two Brothers. During the same summer, the Confederate Marine Coast Guard operated from nearby Horn Harbor under Beall. The men cut the underwater cable between Cherrystone Inlet and Old Point Comfort, destroyed all the equipment at Cape Charles Lighthouse, and captured at least six Union ships. Gen. Isaac J. Wistar and Lt. Commander James H. Gillis led a Union army-navy task force here in October 1863 to suppress the Confederate raids.

(lower left) Mathews County Courthouse, photo ca. 1894 - Courtesy Mathews County Historical Society
(upper right) Acting Master John Y. Beall Courtesy West Virginia State Archives; Capt. John T. Wood Courtesy U.S. Naval Historical Center
HM NumberHM1F3E
Series This marker is part of the Virginia Civil War Trails series
Year Placed2014
Placed ByVirginia Civil WarTrails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, September 21st, 2014 at 6:52pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 383058 N 4143783
Decimal Degrees37.43350000, -76.32181667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 26.01', W 76° 19.309'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 26' 0.60" N, 76° 19' 18.54" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)804
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1140-1198 State Rte 1002, Mathews VA 23109, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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