Emancipation in Maryland

Emancipation in Maryland (HM1FDK)

Location: Oxon Hill, MD 20745 Prince George's County
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 47.566', W 77° 0.196'

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On November 1, 1864, new provisions of the Maryland State Constitution brought freedom to the enslaved people of Maryland after 200 years of bondage. Article 24 stated,

"That hereafter, in this State, there shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except in punishment of crime ? and all persons held to service or labor as slaves, are hereby free."

Though enslaved people in the states that seceded from the Union had been freed in 1863, the Lincoln Emancipation Proclamation allowed loyal states like Maryland to continue slavery. While many opposed emancipation in Maryland, when put to a public vote it passed. Most slaveholders would not be compensated, as they had demanded, for the resulting loss of their slaves. The first actions of the newly freed as they began to build lives in freedom were to find and reunite with lost family members who had been sold or who had escaped from slavery.

Illustration captions:

lower left: "Twenty-eight Fugitives Escaping from the Eastern Shore of Maryland" - Courtesy of the Library of Congress

lower middle: "Reproduction of an ad in the Washington, DC, newspaper, National Intelligencer - Courtesy of the Archives of Someplacesic


Slavery Forever Abolished ? Proclamation of Gov. Bradford ? The New Constitution Adopted ? The Soldiers? Votes ? Opinion of the Governor."

right: "Emancipation" by Thomas Nast, ca. 1865. Wood engraving printed in black and rose. Courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Year Placed2014
Placed ByTanger Outlets: Experience Salubria
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, October 18th, 2014 at 11:55pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 326021 N 4295686
Decimal Degrees38.79276667, -77.00326667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 47.566', W 77° 0.196'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 47' 33.96" N, 77° 0' 11.76" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)301, 240
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 7100 Oxon Hill Rd, Oxon Hill MD 20745, US
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