Waynesville Engagement

Waynesville Engagement (HM1FFL)

Location: Waynesville, NC 28786 Haywood County
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Country: United States of America
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N 35° 29.322', W 83° 0.166'

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Among the Last to Die

Col. William C. Bartlett 2nd N.C. Mounted Infantry (U.S.) occupied Waynesville early in May 1865. The Federals raided the surrounding countryside, relieving civilians of their horses and provisions.

On May 6, a company of Confederate Col. William H. Thomas Legion under Lt. Robert T. Conley defeated a company of Bartlett mounted infantry at White Sulphur Springs. Conley led his men up the west side of Richland Creek and the Confederates, outnumbered four to one, surprised and routed about 200 of Bartlett men near here. The Confederates formed a battle line and fired a volley followed by a vigorous bayonet charge that scattered the Union soldiers. During the engagement, a Federal soldier variously identified as David or James Arwood (or Arrowood) was killed, one of the last men killed in battle east of the Mississippi River during the war. Conley picked up Arwood weapon and kept it, later stating, "I still have James Arwood gun as a relic."

The rest of the Federals retired to Waynesville. After a night surrounded by Confederate forces, Bartlett met with their commander, Gen. James Martin, on May 7 at the Battle House to negotiate the surrender of the Union forces. It was this meeting that Martin learned that the Civil War was over—the two largest Confederate armies under Gens. Robert E. Lee and Joseph E. Johnston had already capitulated—and surrendered his command, including Thomas Legion, to Bartlett instead.


(lower left) Bayonet charges, such as the one depicted here, usually ended most Civil War battles after the combatants exchanged a few rifle volleys. Courtesy Library of Congress

(upper center) Lt. Robert T. Conley; Gen. James G. Martin Courtesy North Carolina Office of Archives and History

(lower right) Last Shot Monument. In 1923, the United Daughters of the Confederacy erected a monument to Conley and the "last shot" fired during the Civil War, about a quarter of a mile east of here on Sulphur Springs Road. There are other sites that make similar claims.
Series This marker is part of the North Carolina Civil War Trails series
Placed ByNorth Carolina Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 29th, 2014 at 10:54pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 318325 N 3929084
Decimal Degrees35.48870000, -83.00276667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 35° 29.322', W 83° 0.166'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds35° 29' 19.32" N, 83° 0' 9.96" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)828
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling West
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 128 Timothy Ln, Waynesville NC 28786, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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