Retreat From Manassas

Retreat From Manassas (HM1FLG)

Location: Centreville, VA 20120 Fairfax County
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 50.014', W 77° 27.781'

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Inscription

Panic at Cub Run Bridge

Following the disastrous defeat at the First Battle of Manassas on July 21, 1861, the Union army retreated toward Centreville late in the afternoon with Confederate forces in pursuit. Thousands of Federal soldiers converged simultaneously at the narrow Cub Run suspension bridge, which was located near where the present-day Lee Highway bridge spans the stream.



Confederate Capt. Delaware Kemper, Alexandria Light Artillery, deployed two guns in the turnpike on the hill less than a mile west of the bridge. The first shot, fired by ardent secessionist Edmund Ruffin, caused a wagon to overturn and block the bridge. With a well-directed barrage raining down on the bridge, the Federals fled in panic, throwing away weapons and haversacks, as well as anything else that slowed them down. Unable to ford the stream, they also abandoned wagons, ambulances, and artillery pieces.



While pursuing the Union army, the 8th South Carolina Infantry captured U.S. Congressman Alfred Ely (N.Y.) who along with many northern politicians and Washington, D.C., residents had journeyed out to watch what they confidently believed would be the Union victory that would end the war. Most of the civilians observed the battle from Centreville Heights, but a small number of politicians and newspapermen ventured beyond Cub Run to the vicinity of the field hospital at Mrs. Spindle's house. In the race for safety, they abandoned their carriages at Cub Run, further clogging the road, impeding the retreat, and adding to the panic.
Details
HM NumberHM1FLG
Series This marker is part of the Virginia Civil War Trails series
Tags
Year Placed2014
Placed ByVirginia Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, September 21st, 2014 at 10:10pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 286210 N 4301190
Decimal Degrees38.83356667, -77.46301667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 50.014', W 77° 27.781'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 50' 0.84" N, 77° 27' 46.86" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)703, 571, 202
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1200 Cub Run Trail System, Centreville VA 20120, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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