British Approach to Hampton / The War of 1812

British Approach to Hampton / The War of 1812 (HM1GEE)

Location: Hampton, VA 23669
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Country: United States of America
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N 37° 1.456', W 76° 20.59'

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British Approach to Hampton



Following the British defeat at Craney Island on 22 June 1813, Adm. Sir John B. Warren sought revenge and ordered Adm. Sir George Cockburn and Gen. Sir Sidney Beckwith to attack Hampton. This port town was defended by Maj. Stapleton Crutchfield 436 militiamen and a 7-gun water battery. During the evening of 24 June Beckwith 2,400 men landed near here at Indian Creek. The next day, Beckwith troops engaged Crutchfield command on the road to Hampton. Capt. Servant company of riflemen slowed the British advance until Beckwith could use artillery to force Servant withdrawal. Hampton was then open to British occupation.



The War of 1812



Impressment of Americans into British service and the violation of American ships were among the causes of America War of 1812 with the British, which lasted until 1815. Beginning in 1813, Virginians suffered from a British naval blockade of the Chesapeake Bay and from British troops plundering the countryside by the Bay and along the James, Rappahannock, and Potomac rivers. The Virginia militia deflected a British attempt to take Norfolk in 1813, and engaged British forces throughout the war. By the end of the war, more than 2000 enslaved African Americans in Virginia had gained their freedom aboard British ships.
Details
HM NumberHM1GEE
Tags
Marker NumberWY 104
Year Placed2011
Placed ByDepartment of Historic Resources
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 29th, 2014 at 4:42pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 380525 N 4098407
Decimal Degrees37.02426667, -76.34316667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 1.456', W 76° 20.59'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 1' 27.36" N, 76° 20' 35.4" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)757
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 602 Settlers Landing Rd, Hampton VA 23669, US
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