St. Andrews Historic District

St. Andrews Historic District (HM1GTO)

Location: Saint Andrews, New Brunswick E5B 1B4 Charlotte County
Country: Canada
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N 45° 4.41', W 67° 3.162'

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Inscription

Arrondissement Historique de St. Andrews

English

Founded by Loyalists in 1783, St. Andrews is a fine and rare surviving example of a Canadian town whose plan and character clearly reflect its 18th-century origins. The town retains the four key elements of a British colonial settlement of that period; a gridiron plan, provision for public spaces, well-defined sites for defensive works, and a common area surrounding the original townsite to provide a clear delineation between settled and non-settled area. St. Andrews is further distinguished by its fine collection of commercial and residential buildings spanning the town history, the majority of which feature design motifs inspired by British classicism. The earliest of these buildings date to the era of the founding of the town and are of wood construction with simple exterior testaments. As the local economy matured, new houses were more elaborately embellished, and the largest and most expensive were constructed of brick. The consistent use of classical architectural features, the retention of the original street layout, and the division of the town blocks into generously sized lots have resulted in a community with a distinctive appearance and a strong sense of place.


French

Fond?e par les Loyaliste en 1783, St. Andrews constitue, par son plan et son caract?re, l?une des rares villes du XVIIIᵉ si?cle qui sont aussi bien conserv?e au Canada. Elle poss?de toujours les quatre ?l?ments-cl des ?tablissements des colonies britanniques de l??poque : un plan en ?chiquier, des espaces publics, des ouvrages d?fensifs bien d?finis et des aires communes en p?riph?rie s?parant les zones habit?es de celles no habit?es. St. Andrews poss?de aussi de beaux ?difices commerciaux et ridentiels, pour la plupart d?inspiration classique britannique. Les plus anciens, en bois et d?une grande simplicit? ext?rieure, datent de la fondation de la ville. Au fur et ? mesure que l??conomie locale a prosp?r?, des maisons plus ornement?es ont ?t? construites, dont les plus grandes et les plus cossues ?taient en brique. L?omnipresence du vocabulaire architectural classique, la prervation du trac? d?origine des rues et la division des ?lots en terrains aux dimensions g?n?reuses ont produit une communaut? d?allure distinctive d?gageant une atmosph?re particuli?rement remarquable.
Details
HM NumberHM1GTO
Tags
Year Placed1998
Placed ByHistoric Sites and Monument Board of Canada/Commission de lieux et monuments historique du Canada
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, October 1st, 2014 at 6:38am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)19T E 653280 N 4992959
Decimal Degrees45.07350000, -67.05270000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 45° 4.41', W 67° 3.162'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds45° 4' 24.6" N, 67° 3' 9.72" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 208 Water St, Saint Andrews New Brunswick E5B 1B4, CA
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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