Green River Plantation

Green River Plantation (HM1GTX)

Location: Rutherfordton, NC 28139 Polk County
Buy North Carolina State flags at!
Country: United States of America
Buy United States of America flags at!

N 35° 17.085', W 82° 1.194'

  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites

Unwelcome Guests

— Stoneman's Raid —


On March 24, 1865, Union Gen. George Stoneman led 6,000 cavalrymen from Tennessee into southwestern Virginia and western North Carolina to disrupt the Confederate supply line by destroying sections of the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad, the North Carolina Railroad, and the Piedmont Railroad. He struck at Boone on March 28, headed into Virginia on April 2, and returned to North Carolina a week later. Stoneman Raid ended at Asheville on April 26, the day that Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnson surrendered to Union Gen. William T. Sherman near Durham.

(main text)

Late in April 1865, Green River Plantation received uninvited guests: a detachment of U.S. cavalrymen, likely part of Col. William J. Palmer brigade of Stoneman raiders. Hungry men and horses in need of forage filled the yard. According to family tradition, horses quartered in the house left footprints in the parlor floor.

Union Gen. Alvan C. Gillem brigade of Stoneman command entered Polk County from Rutherford County and rode through Columbus on April 22, after Confederate forces blocked Gillem path to Asheville at Swannanoa Gap. He ordered Col. William J. Palmer, who was taking another route, to establish his headquarters in Rutherfordton, then follow Gillem force. Palmer remained in Rutherfordton until April 26 (the day Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston surrendered near Durham), then marched about ten miles west, to this vicinity, and bivouacked. The next day, Stoneman ordered Palmer to join in the pursuit of Confederate President Jefferson Davis, who had fled south from Virginia. Palmer turned around and took up the chase into South Carolina.


Another Union foraging party arrived at Green River Plantation in November 1863. Margaret Carson Weaver, who owned the property, wrote to her niece on November 14,

We have had at our door the devil himself. The (Federals) took what food we had stored in the house and demanded that our chickens be killed for their supper. After no more than an hour they left his place, but they said they would come back. We no longer feel as safe as we once did.


Joseph McDowell Carson, born at the Carson House in McDowell County, built this house early in the 19th century. It reflects Federal-style architecture remodeled about mid-century in the Greek Revival style. Carson died in 1860. His son, John Montazuma Carson, enlisted in Co. B (Butler Guards), 2nd South Carolina Infantry in May 1861 and was wounded in the First Battle of Manassas on July 21, 1861. Within hours of the battle, trains carried many of the casualties to the general hospital in Charlottesville, Virginia. John M. Carson died of wounds there about a week later; his body was brought home for burial in the family cemetery.


(lower left) Green River Plantation, ca. 1879 Courtesy Green River Plantation; Margaret Carson Weaver Courtesy Green River Plantation

(upper right) John M. Carson Courtesy Dr. William I. Forbes III

(lower right) Route of Stoneman's Raid in Tennessee, Virginia, and North Carolina, March-April 1865

Series This marker is part of the North Carolina Civil War Trails series
Placed ByNorth Carolina Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, September 13th, 2014 at 1:59am PDT -07:00
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 407254 N 3905098
Decimal Degrees35.28475000, -82.01990000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 35° 17.085', W 82° 1.194'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds35° 17' 5.1" N, 82° 1' 11.64" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)828
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling West
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 6333 Coxe Rd, Rutherfordton NC 28139, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Nearby Markersshow on map
Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. What historical period does the marker represent?
  2. What historical place does the marker represent?
  3. What type of marker is it?
  4. What class is the marker?
  5. What style is the marker?
  6. Does the marker have a number?
  7. What year was the marker erected?
  8. This marker needs at least one picture.
  9. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  10. Is the marker in the median?