Mr. John Samwell

Mr. John Samwell (HM1H6M)

Location: Halifax, Nova Scotia 56082 Halifax Regional Municipality
Country: Canada
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N 44° 38.61', W 63° 34.352'

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Inscription

Mr. William Stevens

On your left near this spot lie the remains of ? / ? votre gauche, pr d?ici se trouvent les restes de ?.

Mr. / M. John Samwell

Midshipman / Aspirant de marine ? 1797-1813


Mr. / M. William Stevens

Boatswain / Ma?tre de manoeuvre ? 1757-1813

HMS Shannon


English

Sacred to the Memory


Of Mr John Samwell Midshipman of HMS Shannon who red at the nav(e)l hospital on the 13 of June 1813 aged 18 years Also Mr William Stevens boatswain of the Same Ship who died there on the 19 of June 1813 aged 56 years Those brave officiers Clos?d their career in consequence of desperat(e) wounds received in the gallant action between their own Ship and the American frigate Chesepe(a)k(e) on the 1 of June 1813 which ended in the Capture of the Enemy Ship in 14 Minutes.


French

? La Pieuse M?moire

De M. John Samwell aspirant de marine du HMS Shannon qui est d?c?d? ? l?h?pital de la marine le 13 juin 1813 ?g? de 18 ans Aussi M. William Stevens ma?tre de manoeuvre du m?me navire qui est d?c?d? le 19 juin 1813 ?g? du 56 ans Ces braves officiers ont clos leur carri?re suite aux terribles blessures subies lors de l?action courageuse entre leur propre navire et la fr?gate am?ricaine Chesepe(a)k(e) le 1 juin 1813 qui prit fin avec la capture du navire ennemi en 14 minutes.




English / French



John Samwell, of Plymouth, "a midshipman of much merit", received a musket ball in his left thigh, but was expected to recover. / John Samwell de Plymouth, ?un ma?tre de manoeuvre de grand m?rite?, re?oit une balle de mousquet ? la cuisse gauche mais l?on s?attend ? ce qu?il s?en remette.




William Stevens, described by Broke as "my veteran Boatswain". In lashing the two frigates together so that his Shannons could board the Chesapeake, Stevens lost his right arm. / William Stevens, que Broke d?crit comme ?mon aspirant aguerri?. Stevens perd son bras droit en amarrant les deux fr?gates pour que son ?quipage puisse monter ? bord du Chesapeake.



They died a day apart, and are buried together, a sign they had supported each other in their suffering. / Ils meurent ? un jour d?intervalle. Ils sont enterr ensemble, signe de leur solidarit? dans la souffrance.



The original stone stands in the entrance of St. Paul Church, Barrington Street. / La st?le originelle se trouve dans l?entr?e de l??glise Saint Paul, rue Barrington.


English / French

Privateers / Corsaires


Captain / Capitaine Ebenezer Harrington

In memory of Ebenezer Harrington who departed this life Aug. 12, 1812 aged 57 years of Liverpool. He was killed on board His Maj Schooner Chubb. / En m?moire de Ebenezer Harrington qui quitta cette vie le 12 ao?t 1812 ?g? de 57 ans de Liverpool. Il fut tu? ? bord du HMS Chubb.



Captain / Capitaine Benjamin Ellenwood

Here lies the remains of Capt. Benjamin Ellenwood late of Liverpool N.S. who was found cruelly murdered Jany 31st AD 1815 in the 32nd year of his age? he has left a widow and four? / Ice reposent les restes du Capt. Benjamin Ellenwood de Liverpool N.?. tu? cruellement le 31 jan. 1815 ?g? de 32 ans? il laisse sa veuve et quatre?


English
Confidence in the British navy faltered early in the War of 1812 when American vessels won several single-ship engagements. This pattern was broken on June 1, 1813 when HMS Shannon, commanded by Captain Philip Broke, closed with USS Chesapeake under Captain James Lawrence off Boston harbour. The latter was taken in a short and bloody fight and brought into Halifax by her captor on June 6. This engagement was long considered a naval classic. In marked a change in British fortunes in war at sea and vindicated Broke insistance on gunnery training neglected by the navy since Trafalgar.


Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada
Government of Canada - 1927


On June 1, 1813 USS Chesapeake, flying the pennant FREE TRADE AND SAILORS RIGHTS, sailed out of Boston to attack HMS Shannon waiting offshore. Certain of yet another British defeat, Bostonians anticipating the evening victory banquet came out to enjoy the show. They were shocked to see that only 15 minutes after Shannon great guns fired, Chesapeake ensign dropped! Up rose the Blue Ensign, flying below it the Stars and Stripes. His captain severely wounded, the first lieutenant killed, it fell to 22 year old Halifax born Provo Wallis, Shannon second lieutenant, to command the ship. The third lieutenant, Charles Falkiner, took charge of the prize, giving special care to Lawrence, who lay in his wardroom, mortally wounded. The two frigates sailed eastward into the gathering darkness as the disappointed sightseers returned to Boston to report the unbelievable new: Chesapeake taken.


On June 8, in a long solemn procession first by boat to the King Wharf, then through the streets of Halifax led by the guard and band of the 64th Regiment, the body of Captain James Lawrence, USN moved from his ship to his grave. Six senior Captains of the Royal Navy carried his pall. The Reverend Dr. Robert Stanser, Rector of St. Paul and Chaplain to the Navy Hospital read the Burial Office.


Flying a flag of truce, the American brig Henry entered the harbour to ask permission to return Lawrence body so that it could lie in the soil of his country. During the night of August 19 the brig sailors removed two coffins. Lawrence and his First Lieutenant, Mr. Ludlow. They were taken to Salem, MA for burial. Their final grave is in the churchyard of Trinity Church, New York.


"The Inhabitants of Halifax - They have honoured our Lawrence. In deeds of magnanimity let us initiate, if we cannot excel!" - Toast at a Naval Dinner in New York, September 24, 1814.


French

Durant la guerre de 1812, on douta bient?t de la marine britannique quand des navires am?ricains remport?rent plusieurs combats singuliers. La situation changea le 1er juin 1813 quand le HMS Shannon, command? par le capitaine Philip Broke, affronta au large de Boston, le USS Chesapeake, command? par le capitaine James Lawrence. Ce dernier, captur? apr une br?ve lutte sanglante, fut amen? ? Halifax le 6 juin. Cette bataille longtemps jug?e classique, marqua un revirement du sort des Britanniques et justifia l?importance que Broke accordait aux exercices de tir au canon n?glig depuis Trafalgar.



Commission des lieux et monuments historiques du Canada
Government du Canada - 1927



Le 1er juin 1813, le USS Chesapeake, battant le pavillon COMMERCE LIBRE ET DROITS DES MARINS, quitte le port de Boston afin d?affronter le HMS Shannon. Confiants d?une autre d?faite britannique et anticipant le banquet de victoire en soir?e, les Bostonnais s?embarquent en mer pour assister a la bataille. Ils sont ?tonn?e de voir le pavillon du Chesapeake s? abaisser ? peine quinze minutes apr les coups de canon du Shannon. Le pavillon blue est hiss? avec la banni?re ?toil?e en-dessous. Puique son capitaine est gri?vement bless? et son premier lieutenant tue, Provo Wallis, le jeune deuxi?me lieutenant de 22 ans et natif d?Halifax, se voit oblige de prendre la commande du Shannon. Le troisi?me lieutenant, Charles Falkiner prend charge de la prise, administrant des soins attentifs ? Lawrence, ?tendu mortellement bless? dans la carr? des officiers. Les deux fr?gates partent vers l?est, s?enfon?ant dans la nuit tombante, alors que les spectateurs d??us rentrent ? Boston avec la nouvelle incroyable : le Chesapeake captur?.

Le 8 juin, le corps du Capitaine James Lawrence USN est port? de son navre ? sa tombe d?abord dans un long d?fil? solennel en bateau jusqu?au Quai Kings, puis escort? ? travers les rues d?Halifax par la garde et la fanfare du 64ᵉ R?giment. Six capitaines sup?rieurs de la Marine royale agissent comme porteurs. Le R?v?rend Dr. Robert Stanser, recteur de Saint-Paul et aum?nier ? l?H?pital de la Marine, pride le service fun?raire.

Battant un drapeau blanc, le brick am?ricain Henry entre dans le port afin de demander la permission de reprendre le corps de Lawrence de sorte qu?il puisse ?tre inhum? dans sa partie. Au cours de la nuit du 19 ao?t, les marins du brick d?placent deux cercueils, celui de Lawrence et celui de son premier lieutenant, Mr. Ludlow. Ils sont transport ? Salem, Mass., pour l?inhumation. Ils son enterr au cimeti?re de l??glise Trinity, New York.

?Les habitants de Halifax - Ils ont honor? notre Lawrence lors d?actes de magnanimit? imitons si nous ne pouvons exceller! -Toast port? ? l?occasion d?un d?ner de la marine ? New York, le 24 septembre 1814.
Details
HM NumberHM1H6M
Tags
Placed ByOld Burying Ground Foundation
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 29th, 2014 at 8:41am PDT -07:00
Pictures
Photo Credits: [1] BK-HUNTERS  [2] BK-HUNTERS  
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)20T E 454596 N 4943508
Decimal Degrees44.64350000, -63.57253333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 44° 38.61', W 63° 34.352'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds44° 38' 36.6" N, 63° 34' 21.12" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)507, 651
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1460 Barrington St, Halifax Nova Scotia 56082, CA
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