The Battle of Cedar Creek

The Battle of Cedar Creek (HM1HJ4)

Location: Middletown, VA 22645 Frederick County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 1.173', W 78° 17.554'

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By Julian Scott

In 1870 the Vermont Legislature commissioned a painting for the State House by artist Julian Scott to commemorate the valor of the state's Civil War soldiers. The Battle of Cedar Creek, in which more Vermont regiments were under fire than any other engagement, was chosen as the subject. The painting, reproduced here, measures 10 by 20 feet, excluding the elaborate gilt frame also designed by the artist. Scott served as a young fifer and drummer during the war, and was the first recipient of the Medal of Honor for an act of valor. He went on to a successful career as one of the nation's most heralded artists in depicting the Civil War. The painting features many portraits of Vermont veterans, who advised the artist on portraying the battle accurately. The work remains one of the Vermont State House's greatest treasures, dominating a reception room known simply as the Cedar Creek Room.


Captain Thomas Kennedy of the 6th Vermont being carried from the field. He can be seen at the center of the painting.

Captain Thomas Kennedy of the 6th Vermont is the red-haired and bearded soldier being carried from the field. Wounded early in the battle, Kennedy's men brought him to Solomon and Caroline Heater's farmhouse, still standing in the fields ahead. Confederate troops overran the house, leaving Kennedy vulnerable to capture. Mrs. Heater, a Union sympathizer, protected him until Union forces eventually regained the house. She and her husband, a staunch Virginian, had two Confederate soldier sons, but maintained a household with divided loyalties.

Scott painted the canvas over the course of three years at his studio at West Point, N.Y., completing it at locations in New York City, Burlington and Montpelier, Vermont.
HM NumberHM1HJ4
Series This marker is part of the Medal of Honor Recipients series
Year Placed2014
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, October 29th, 2014 at 10:17pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 734395 N 4322434
Decimal Degrees39.01955000, -78.29256667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 1.173', W 78° 17.554'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 1' 10.38" N, 78° 17' 33.24" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)540
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 8214-8334 US-11, Middletown VA 22645, US
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