Cottle No. 1

Cottle No. 1 (HM1IO8)

Location: Moran, TX 76464 Shackelford County
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Country: United States of America
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N 32° 32.88', W 99° 9.826'

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First Natural Gas Well in Shackelford County

— (2 miles NE) —

The appearance in 1908 of oil and gas in water wells in this vicinity prompted the Texas Company (later Texaco, Inc.) In June 1909 to begin leasing large tracts of land. After a surface geological survey, a wooden derrick complete with cable tools and steam engine was erected by contractor F.J. Winston on a prospective location on the Jim Cottle Ranch and on Sept. 23, 1909, drilling operations began. Equipment breakdowns were frequent and sometimes lengthy, but finally, on Nov. 9, 1910, after 13 months of drilling, the Cottle No. 1 struck natural gas at a depth of 2660 feet. This discovery opened the Moran Field, and was the first commercial gas well completed in this vast west Texas area.
     In the spring of 1911, gas was piped to Moran for residential and business use. Within two years (in 1913) the cities of Albany, Cisco, and Abilene were supplied for the first time with natural gas. By Oct. 1913, with five producing gas wells, the Moran Field won recognition as one of the most important sources of fossil fuels in Texas. Although the Cottle No. 1 was plugged years ago, Moran Field continues to be an economic mainstay in this area.
HM NumberHM1IO8
Marker Number1076
Year Placed1974
Placed ByTexas Historical Commission
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, January 3rd, 2015 at 9:04pm PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14S E 484624 N 3601191
Decimal Degrees32.54800000, -99.16376667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 32° 32.88', W 99° 9.826'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds32° 32' 52.8" N, 99° 9' 49.56" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)325
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near TX-6, Moran TX 76464, US
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