Highlights of Buffalo History

Highlights of Buffalo History (HM1IUW)

Location: Buffalo, NY 14216 Erie County
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Country: United States of America
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N 42° 56.123', W 78° 52.606'

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Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society

— Cultural Heritage —

1655: Seneca Indians win control of Niagara Region from Erie tribes. 1678-79: French explorer Rene-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle, claims the region for France. He builds a sailing ship, Griffon, on the bank of the Niagara River and explores the Great Lakes. 1758: Frenchman Chabert Joncaire builds the first white settlement in the Buffalo area at what is now the foot of Michigan Avenue. 1813: The British burn the young city of Buffalo during the war of 1812. 1818: The Main Lighthouse is built at the outlet of Buffalo Creek. It still stands today, the oldest structure still in its original location in the city. 1825: The western terminus of the Erie Canal is completed, connecting Buffalo by water to New York City. 1842: First steam-powered grain elevator is built. Buffalo is on its way to becoming the greatest producer in the country of grain related products. 1843: Buffalo becomes a way station for slaves fleeing to Canada via the Underground Railroad. 1848: President Millard Fillmore returns to Buffalo after his term in the White House and helps found the Historical Society. 1852: Railroad links Buffalo to New York City. 1900: Buffalo streets illuminated by electric lights. 1901: Buffalo, the eighth largest city in the United States, hosts the Pan-American Exposition, a showcase of modern invention and widespread use of electricity. President McKinley is shot at the Exposition and later dies. Theodore Roosevelt is inaugurated as President at the Wilcox Mansion in Buffalo. 1902: The Lackawana Iron and Steel Company begins making steel. 1927: The Peace Bridge spans the Niagara River, connecting the U.S. and Canada. 1959: Wilson Greatbatch develops the implantable cardiac pacemaker. Pediment Sculptures and Exterior Plaques: Edmond Amateis created nine figures in the pediment over the lakeside entrance representing Philosophy, Industry, Art, Husbandry, History, Science, Mars, Religion, and Law, and eleven plaques commemorating historic events on the Niagara Frontier. Bronze Doors: The two-ton entrance doors were a gift from Andrew Langdon, sculpted by R.H. Perry. They bear female figures representing history and ethnology. Langdon was a successful businessman who was active in many local cultural organizations. He also donated the candelabra that flank the entry and the statue of David across the highway in the park. New York State Pavilion: This National Historic Landmark was designed by George Cary and built to serve as the New York State Pavilion during the Pan-American Exposition. The building is faced with Vermont marble, and the south portico is a scaled-down version of the east front of the Parthenon. This building was the only structure in the Exposition that was planned to be permanent. Since 1902 it has been the home of the Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society. Impressive structures have been built to host world renowned events along the Seaway Trail. Seaway Trail, Inc., Corner Ray & West Main Street., Sackets Harbor, NY 13685; www.seawaytrail.com . America's Byways. This project was funded in part by the Federal Highway Administration and administered by the New York State Scenic Byways Program of the New York State Department of Transportation and Seaway Trail, Inc.
Series This marker is part of the Great Lakes Seaway Trail National Scenic Byway series
Placed BySeaway Trail, Inc
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, January 18th, 2015 at 1:03pm PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17T E 673245 N 4755826
Decimal Degrees42.93538333, -78.87676667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 42° 56.123', W 78° 52.606'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds42° 56' 7.38" N, 78° 52' 36.36" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)716
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1 Museum Ct, Buffalo NY 14216, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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