Excavation Process Gathers the Most Information

Excavation Process Gathers the Most Information (HM1J8F)

Location: Saint Leonard, MD 20685 Calvert County
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 24.123', W 76° 30.697'

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Kings Reach Site

Before excavations began, archaeologist collected artifacts from the surface of the plowed field to determine the site's size and age. Based on the location of these objects, researchers developed a plan to gain the maximum amount of information with a minimum of digging.
First, the layer of soil already disturbed by centuries of plowing was removed and screened to recover all the artifacts. After removing the plow zone, a number of features were revealed. To a trained eye, the features were easy to see; for example, the soil in the filled-in cellars was different in color than the surrounding soil. Each feature's dimensions were carefully measured and mapped. By excavating only small sections at a time, archaeologists were able to determine a feature's size, shape, and function with least amount of damage.
At this site, archaeologist excavated 1434 squares measuring 2 meters (about 6.5 feet) on each side to reveal what had been hidden for nearly 300 years.
(Inscription on the three images on the left) Surface collecting objects in the field, 1984. Excavating plow zone, 1998. Mapping the site, 1998.
(Inscription on the two images on the right) Professional and volunteer archaeologist screen and remove objects from the plow zone. King's Reach features are indicated by darker soil, 1984.
HM NumberHM1J8F
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, February 20th, 2015 at 1:02pm PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 368008 N 4251506
Decimal Degrees38.40205000, -76.51161667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 24.123', W 76° 30.697'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 24' 7.38" N, 76° 30' 41.82" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)410, 301
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Jefferson Patterson Park Exit Rd, Saint Leonard MD 20685, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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