Buffalo Water Intake, Horseshoe Reef Light

Buffalo Water Intake, Horseshoe Reef Light (HM1LO5)

Location: Buffalo, NY 14203 Erie County
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Country: United States of America
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N 42° 52.666', W 78° 53.385'

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Two structures mark the entrance to the Niagara River - the city of Buffalo water intake and the abandoned Horseshoe Reef Light. The Horseshoe Reef Light, the dark metal structure atop a concrete base, was established in 1856 after Canada and England transferred an acre of territory in Canadian waters to the United States. The lighthouse actually stands on Middle Reef, more centrally located than Horseshoe Reef; the international boundary was moved by a 1908 treaty to put the lighthouse in American waters. Two keepers alternated on duty at the lighthouse, which was considered one of the loneliest stations in the district, despite the nearness of a major city. The Buffalo crib intake, the round red-roofed structure, was built in the Emerald Channel nearby and its light established in 1908, and Horseshoe Reef Light was abandoned in 1920.
HM NumberHM1LO5
Placed ByBuffalo Lighthouse Association
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, July 9th, 2015 at 10:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17T E 672346 N 4749401
Decimal Degrees42.87776667, -78.88975000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 42° 52.666', W 78° 53.385'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds42° 52' 39.96" N, 78° 53' 23.1" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)716
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1 Fuhrmann Boulevard, Buffalo NY 14203, US
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