Bethlehem Steel in Lackawanna

Bethlehem Steel in Lackawanna (HM1M6I)

Location: Buffalo, NY 14203 Erie County
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Country: United States of America
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N 42° 50.043', W 78° 51.284'

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The Industrial Heritage Trail

— Part 1: The Move From Scranton —

The history of steel production in Lackawanna has its roots in the Lackawanna Valley of northeast Pennsylvania. It was there that the Lackawanna Iron and Steel Company was formed in 1891, the result of a previous consolidation of various iron and steel companies dating back to 1840. In 1899, the Lackawanna Iron and Steel Company considered abandoning the Scranton area and relocating. A major factor for this relocation was the increasing cost of shipping ore to Scranton, and lack of rail lines from Scranton to the company's newly emerging Midwest markets. On March 23, 1899, Mr. Walter Scranton and Mr. Henry Wehrum of the Lackawanna Iron ans Steel Company traveled to Buffalo to visit potential locations for their steel plant, drawn by the area's easy access to Great Lakes shipping and numerous rail lines. It was originally assumed that the best location would be along the Niagara River, but they concluded that it would take too long to improve the waterway to handle the large ships required to deliver the ore. That afternoon they traveled to the only other available spot, an undeveloped shoreline area in Lake Erie in what was then the western part of the Town of West Seneca. Within a day, the decision was made to purchase the site, approximately 1,500 acres. The Lackawanna Steel Company, circa 1908. In order to avoid land speculation, the negotiating and purchasing of the site was left to John J. Albright, a local businessman and investor, and attorney John Milburn. As Mr. Milburn was also chairman of the Pan-American Exposition, it was largely assumed that the property was being acquired for the Exposition. This fact helped the steel company purchase the property at favorable rates. By the end of April, nearly $1.1 million had been paid for the land, and the Lackawanna Steel Company was formed, with more than $2 million of capital raised by local investors. 1901 map showing the future location of the Lackawanna Steel Company in West Seneca. The Ship Canal and Union Ship Canal have yet to be constructed. The Steel Plant Museum of WNY.
HM NumberHM1M6I
Placed ByThe Industrial Heritage Committee, Inc
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Saturday, July 25th, 2015 at 2:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17T E 675330 N 4744618
Decimal Degrees42.83405000, -78.85473333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 42° 50.043', W 78° 51.284'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds42° 50' 2.58" N, 78° 51' 17.04" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)716
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1807-1813 Fuhrmann Boulevard, Buffalo NY 14203, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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