Confederate Withdrawal

Confederate Withdrawal (HM1N1I)

Location: Cartersville, GA 30121 Bartow County
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Country: United States of America
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N 34° 6.908', W 84° 43.005'

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Inscription
"A shout trying to roll over those fields ... men grasp hands and shouted ... and embraced each other. The wounded joined in the delirium of rejoice. The dying looked to the flag, still proudly floating above the hills..." History the 93rd Illinois Volunteer Infantry

By early afternoon, surrender seemed near as the federals were pinned down, out of water, and nearly out of ammunition. At noon, General French received a message from Calvary General Frank M. Armstrong, informing him that Federal troops were entering Big Shanty and advancing up the railroad towards Allatoona. French's troops were exhausted, nearly out of ammunition and fresh supplies would have to be hauled up the steep slopes before another assault could be attempted. Fearing he might be cut off from the main Confederate force at New Hope, French reluctantly chose to withdraw and by 3:30 p.m. was on the march down Sandtown Road, leaving Allatoona in Federal hands. He had lost a third of his division. A heavy rain that evening they were misery to their march.

Once he and his fellow survivors were able to walk outside the Star Fort, Private Harvey M. Trimble of the 93rd Illinois Regiment describe what he saw:

"The scene in the ravine [in front of the star Fort], after the battle was ended, was beyond all powers of description. All the languages of earth combined are inadequate to tell half its horrors. Mangled and torn in every conceivable manner, the dead and wounded were everywhere, in heaps and windrows. Enemies though they were, their conquerors, only a few minutes remove from heat and passion of battle, sickened and turned away, or remaining, looking only with great compassion, and through tears, upon that field of blood and carnage and death, upon that wreck of high hopes and splendid courage, that hecatomb of human life... Their dead and wounded were scattered through the woods and ravines and gulches all around, and were continually found, and the dead buried, from day to day until the 22nd of October."

"I went among the wounded men who could not walk over the rocky hills to our ambulances and explained to them why they would have to be left...They gave me thanks without complaint." General Samuel French, C.S.A.

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The Aftermath

When General French and his remaining force reached the Confederate Army encamp near new Hope Church, he wrote:


"When I called at headquarters, Hood/General John B./ reminded me of a disheartened man. His countenance was sad and his voice doleful, He received me with a melancholy on, and asked me questions; did not refer to the battle. He seemed much depressed in spirits."

When questioned from the signal station Kennesaw about his wounds, Corse replied:

"I am short a cheek bone and one ear, but am able to whip all hell, yet. My losses are very heavy. A force moving from Stilesborough on Kingston gives me some anxiety. Tell me where Sherman is."

After a few more communications, Corse set Lieutenant William Ludlow Kennesaw Mountain to deliver his after action report. Ludlow found Sherman observing Hood´s army through a telescope asked Sherman:

"General, what do you think Hood is going to do?"

With irritation, Sherman replied,

"How the devil cannot tail? Johnston - now Johnston [General Joseph E.] was a sensible man and did sensible things. Hood is a damned fool and is liable to do anything."

War continued until 1865; many more battles were fought before the Confederacy fell. At Allatoona, some men remained to guard a critical railroad pass. Others, from both sides, were buried, but not forgotten after this "Needless Effusion of Blood."
Details
HM NumberHM1N1I
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Placed ByGeorgia State Parks & Historical Sites
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, August 19th, 2015 at 9:02am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 710589 N 3777275
Decimal Degrees34.11513333, -84.71675000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 34° 6.908', W 84° 43.005'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds34° 6' 54.48" N, 84° 43' 0.3" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)678, 770
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Allatoona Pass, Cartersville GA 30121, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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