Cleburne's Advance

Cleburne's Advance (HM1NUH)

Location: Perryville, KY 40468 Boyle County
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Country: United States of America
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N 37° 40.102', W 84° 58.556'

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— The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862 —

Forced back from the hills above Doctor's Creek, the Union soldiers retreated to this position. Their lines were in chaos - regiments intermingled, the wounded were left behind and some panicked troops raced for the rear. Most soldiers, however, continued to stubbornly defy the Southern advance.

With ammunition running low, the Federal troops hastily reformed their lines on this ridge. As they had done all over the battlefield, the Union army used successive hilltops to establish new battle lines. Driven off one hill, the Federal troops reformed on another. It was a strategy that helped stem the crushing tide of the Confederate advance.

Leading the assault against the Union troops was a Southern brigade commanded by Brigadier General Patrick Cleburne. Their blue and white battle flags flapping in the October wind, Cleburne's infantry again bore down upon the Union line.

When Cleburne sent his flag-bearers in front of his main line as a decoy, the Union infantry fired their one-shot muskets at these troops. With their guns emptied, the Federal soldiers were then torn apart when Cleburne's main line appeared. The gun smoke rolled along in waves as the Confederate infantry shattered the Union position.

Against Cleburne's intense attack, the Union lines broke. The blue-clad soldiers fell back to the ridges behind you, which became the third and final position. With night falling, the Federal soldiers formed a line of battle. They knew that another retreat would lead to a crushing defeat.

(upper right) Wounded in the face two months before this battle, Confederate Brigadier General Patrick Cleburne was again wounded at Perryville. While riding his horse, Dixie, near this spot, a solid cannonball struck and killed the horse, and injured Cleburne's ankle. Despite the wound, Cleburne advanced on foot with his soldiers. (Marker Number 20.)
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, September 11th, 2015 at 9:03am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 678514 N 4170947
Decimal Degrees37.66836667, -84.97593333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 40.102', W 84° 58.556'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 40' 6.12" N, 84° 58' 33.36" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)859
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1627-2199 Hays Mays Rd, Perryville KY 40468, US
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