Fisher's Hill

Fisher's Hill (HM1NWI)

Location: Strasburg, VA 22657 Shenandoah County
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Country: United States of America
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N 38° 59.259', W 78° 25.118'

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Pegram's Division Collapses

— 1864 Valley Campaign —

As Ramseur's division gave way under the weight of the Federal attack, Gen. Jubal A. Early arrived on the high ground in front of you on the opposite side of present-day Interstate 81 to organize a defense. He first decided to redeploy Gen. Gabriel C. Wharton's division from the extreme Confederate right to the left flank. Because the maneuver would take time, however, Early attempted to slow his line's disintegration. With Ramseur's division essentially obliterated, Early ordered the next division in line—Gen. John Pegram's—to stem the Union assault. Early also ordered the 13th Virginia Infantry, Pegram's left-most regiment, to slow the rout by shooting any of Ramseur's men who refused to make a stand. The Virginians declined to obey Early's order.

Soon, the 13th Virginia as well as Pegram's other regiments gave way. The collapse resulted not only from the general panic that Crook's assault created, but also because of Union Gen. George W. Getty's attack against Pegram's front. Getty wrote that Pegram's men "poured in one tremendous volley ... then broke and fled in the wildest disorder." With both Ramseur's and Pegram's divisions routed, the remaining Confederate divisions at Fisher's Hill fell like dominoes from west to east, and the Federals secured the "Valley's Gibraltar."

Gen. Stephen D. Ramseur Courtesy Library of Congress
Gen. John Pegram Courtesy Library of Congress
Gen. George W. Getty Courtesy Library of Congress
Placed ByVirginia Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, September 13th, 2015 at 9:02pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 723579 N 4318576
Decimal Degrees38.98765000, -78.41863333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 38° 59.259', W 78° 25.118'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds38° 59' 15.54" N, 78° 25' 7.08" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)540
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling East
Closest Postal AddressAt or near I-81, Strasburg VA 22657, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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