Dirt-and-Log Forts

Dirt-and-Log Forts (HM1NY3)

Location: Middlesboro, KY 40965 Bell County
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Country: United States of America
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N 36° 36.579', W 83° 40.283'

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Cumberland Gap National Historical Park

Where you see a picnic ground today, imagine a seven-sided structure made of earth and wooden walls, approximately 40 feet by 70 feet. The outer walls of this Civil War fort were approximately five feet high with an earth-covered powder magazine in the center, and a 750-foot rifle pit curving underneath to protect the fort.

This outpost - like the other forts, rifle pits, and cannon batteries here in the Gap - was garrisoned from 1861-65 alternately by Confederates, then by Federals. Troops posted here guarded Harlan Road, the best way up Pinnacle Mountain.

(Cumberland Gap) is the roughest place in the world, but we are going to stick the mountain full of cannon to prevent the Lincolnites from crossing.
- Letter of Confederate soldier, November 1861

(center) Fort McRae's outer earthworks were built with gabions - rounded wicker baskets filled with earth and rocks, similar to this photo (left) taken at Petersburg, Virginia - to reinforce its outer defenses.

(lower left) Confederates called this outpost Fort Mallory. Union soldiers renamed in Fort McRae after Union Captain Alexander McRae killed in battle in 1862.
HM NumberHM1NY3
Placed ByNational Park Service
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, September 15th, 2015 at 9:02am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 261076 N 4054894
Decimal Degrees36.60965000, -83.67138333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 36° 36.579', W 83° 40.283'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds36° 36' 34.74" N, 83° 40' 16.98" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)423, 606
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Pinnacle View Rd, Middlesboro KY 40965, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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