Judge Frank M. Johnson: Judicial Fairness in the Age of Segregation

Judge Frank M. Johnson: Judicial Fairness in the Age of Segregation (HM1PUK)

Location: Montgomery, AL 36104 Montgomery County
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Country: United States of America
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N 32° 22.523', W 86° 18.779'

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Inscription

Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail

— Molton and Montgomery Streets —

Following two attempted marches from Selma in 1965
civil rights leaders turned to the federal courts for legal
protection prior to the Selma To Montgomery March.
Federal District Court Judge Frank M. Johnson, Jr.,
appointed by President Eisenhower in 1955, oversaw the
case. Judge Johnson had previously ruled with the majority
opinion in the case that made it illegal to segregate city
busses after Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give
up her seat to white passengers. Looking at 1954's Brown
v. Board of Education case as a precedent, Johnson found
it unconstitutional to segregate facilities based on race.
In the 1965 case, Judge Johnson weighed the right of
mobility against the right to march, ruling in favor of
the demonstrators. He declared that the march led by
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. from Selma to Montgomery
for voting equity was "basic to our constitutional
principles." Judge Johnson received support from
President Lyndon B. Johnson, who authorized the
Alabama National Guard to serve as protection This
landmark decision paved the way forward for the march
and ultimately the civil rights movement.


"THE LAW IS CLEAR THAT THE RIGHT TO PETITION ONE'S
GOVERNMENT FOR THE REDRESS OF GRIEVANCES MAY
BE EXERCISED IN LARGE GROUPS AND THESE RIGHTS
MAY BE EXERCISED BY MARCHING, EVEN ALONG PUBLIC
HIGHWAYS." - JUDGE FRANK M. JOHNSON, JR
Details
HM NumberHM1PUK
Tags
Marker Number9
Year Placed2015
Placed ByThe City of Montgomery
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, December 7th, 2015 at 1:03pm PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 564627 N 3582252
Decimal Degrees32.37538333, -86.31298333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 32° 22.523', W 86° 18.779'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds32° 22' 31.38" N, 86° 18' 46.74" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)334
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 410 Montgomery St, Montgomery AL 36104, US
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