Northern Victory, Southern Defeat

Northern Victory, Southern Defeat (HM1QI)

Location: Winchester, VA 22602
Buy Virginia State flags at!
Country: United States of America
Buy United States of America flags at!

N 39° 9.146', W 78° 12.999'

  • 0 check ins
  • 0 favorites
As Southern units retreated and resistance fell apart, Northern victory was assured.

Jackson found himself surrounded by a disorderly retreat of his soldiers. In the growing dark, a few fresh Southern units made gallant attempts to cover the Southern retreat from Northern pursuit. One group formed a defensive square until they were completely surrounded and had to surrender. In the fields where you now stand, Northern horsemen gathered up approximately 250 wounded and retreating Southern troops, among them Jackson's brother-in-law and Sgt. Major Randolph Barton of the 33rd Virginia.

That night Jackson camped the disorganized remnants of his army just south of Newtown (now Stephens City) along the Valley turnpike. His men had, within two days, marched forty miles and fought a battle against superior numbers. Jackson's own performance had been less than exemplary. He had risked his army by pitching it headlong into a larger Northern force without an adequate picture of enemy strength. He failed to rely on his subordinates and communicate his battle plan to them. Finally, Jackson chose to fight this battle from the rear, feeding his units into the fight rather than being at the front and controlling the action. He would not make the same mistake again.

Kate Sperry, a young woman from Winchester, visited several days after the battle. In her diary she described what she saw.

"...we walked over a portion of it - where the fight was the thickest... the trees were scarred all over and branches shot off by the balls - the ground discolored by the blood of our men and Yanks also. I got a bullet that one of the Yanks fired at our men when our men were behind the stone wall - or fence rather ... Mr. M. assisted to bury our men - 79 in a tiny trench - side by side and a rail fence around them ... it was truly sad to see them - a haversack belonging to some of our men was lying on the ground by the fence, a piece of grey blanket and an old coat, part of a red flannel shirt ... . I brought away a piece of that stone fence - am going to preserve it."
-Kate Sperry diary excerpt
HM NumberHM1QI
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, September 15th, 2014 at 9:51pm PDT -07:00
Sorry, but we don't have a picture of this historical marker yet. If you have a picture, please share it with us. It's simple to do. 1) Become a member. 2) Adopt this historical marker listing. 3) Upload the picture.
Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 740516 N 4337382
Decimal Degrees39.15243333, -78.21665000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 9.146', W 78° 12.999'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 9' 8.76" N, 78° 12' 59.94" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)540
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1985 Jones Rd, Winchester VA 22602, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

Is this marker missing? Are the coordinates wrong? Do you have additional information that you would like to share with us? If so, check in.

Check Ins  check in   |    all

Have you seen this marker? If so, check in and tell us about it.

Comments 0 comments

Maintenance Issues
  1. Is this marker part of a series?
  2. What historical period does the marker represent?
  3. What historical place does the marker represent?
  4. What type of marker is it?
  5. What class is the marker?
  6. What style is the marker?
  7. Does the marker have a number?
  8. What year was the marker erected?
  9. Who or what organization placed the marker?
  10. This marker needs at least one picture.
  11. Can this marker be seen from the road?
  12. Is the marker in the median?