Landsford Canal is located along the banks of the Catawba River in the South Carolina Piedmont. Because this region sits atop a fall line, it features changes in elevation that produce shoals and rapids. In the 19th century, merchants bypassed the un-navigable shoals by using a system of canals built along the Catawba and Wateree rivers. The historic ruins of the canal built at Land's Ford, included culverts, locks, and stone bridges, can still be seen at this park.
In addition to its rich cultural history, Landsford Canal is a place of natural beauty. The Catawba River is home to one of the world's largest populations of rocky shoal spider lilies and the park attracts a variety of birds, including nesting bald eagles.