Anti-Tuberculosis Colony No. 1 Historical

Anti-Tuberculosis Colony No. 1 Historical (HM1T3U)

Location: Carlsbad, TX 76934 Tom Green County
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Country: United States of America
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N 31° 36.552', W 100° 39.093'

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(McKnight State Tuberculosis Hospital)

In 1911 the Texas legislature passed a law calling for the establishment of state institutions for the treatment of tuberculosis. Founded across the highway in 1912, the Anti-Tuberculosis Colony No. 1 opened with facilities for 57 patients on a 330-acre tract of land. The Tuberculosis Nursing School was founded here in 1915, and by 1961 had graduated 500 male and female nurses.
     The colony developed into a self-sustaining community with an average population of 2,000, housed in 36 buildings on 992 acres of land. The institution included a post office, library, public school, power plant, dairy, vegetable garden, bakery and butcher shops. It was renamed the State Sanatorium in 1919.
     Most patients were in residence for nine months. At its height the sanatorium provided a treatment capacity for 950 adults and 250 children. The institution was renamed McKnight State Tuberculosis Hospital in 1955 in honor of Dr. J.B. McKnight, superintendent from 1914 to 1950.
     The advent of anti-tuberculosis drugs and thoracic surgery altered the treatment of tuberculosis and eventually the institution closed in 1971. Fifty thousand adults and 5,000 children received treatment here.
HM NumberHM1T3U
Year Placed1997
Placed ByTexas Historical Commission
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Sunday, July 17th, 2016 at 1:01pm PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)14R E 343334 N 3498303
Decimal Degrees31.60920000, -100.65155000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 31° 36.552', W 100° 39.093'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds31° 36' 33.12" N, 100° 39' 5.58" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)325
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 10950 US-87, Carlsbad TX 76934, US
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