Barracks Historical

Barracks Historical (HM1W0X)

Location: Williamsburg, VA 23185 James City County
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Country: United States of America
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N 37° 12.491', W 76° 46.7'

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“a homely thing, like a barn” - John Smith

Like this experimental frame structure before you, most buildings found at James Fort were of earthfast or post-in-ground construction.Main structural posts were seated directly in the ground without the use of footings. Once the building disappeared, rotted posts and postholes remained. Based on the tell-tale patterns of these postholes, it is likely that the early structures were constructed in a style know as "Mud and Stud," a way of building well recorded in 17th-century documentary sources and in centuries-old standing buildings in Lincolnshire. This building had a cellar, which was the first major archaeological feature from the fort period to be identified by the Jamestown Rediscovery project. The cellar became a trash pit once the building above it fell into disrepair. Through careful excavation and water screening of the cellar fill, many thousands of late 16th- and early 17th-century artifacts were retrieved.
Captions:Cabasset helmet found in the backfilled cellar - on display in the Archaearium Museum. A mud and stud house in Lincolnshire, U.K. A mud and stud building is a wood frame covered with mud plaster and roofed with thatch. Structural postholes define the building, cellar, and a pit shown during excavation.
HM NumberHM1W0X
Placed By Jamestown Rediscovery Project
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Wednesday, November 30th, 2016 at 9:01pm PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 342196 N 4119448
Decimal Degrees37.20818333, -76.77833333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 12.491', W 76° 46.7'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 12' 29.46" N, 76° 46' 42" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)757, 202
Closest Postal AddressAt or near Hwy Along the River, Williamsburg VA 23185, US
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