Overshot Waterwheel Historical

Overshot Waterwheel Historical (HM1WY0)

Location: Richmond, VA 23219
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Country: United States of America
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N 37° 32.105', W 77° 26.743'

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Overshot waterwheels generated mechanical energy that operated all of Tredegar's furnaces and machinery from the time of the Iron Work's founding in 1837 until just after the American Civil War.

Turbines replaced Tredegar's waterwheel by the late 19th century, but one constant remained: Water was the fuel that powered Tredegar.

How Did They Work?

Belts and Pulleys
The resulting kinetic energy activated belts and pulleys that operated lathes and other powerful machinery inside Tredegar's nearby machine shop.

Drive Shaft
A long rod, called a drive shaft, rotated as the wheel turned, creating mechanical power.

Water entered the top of the wheel and spilled over into each bucket, causing the wheel to turn.

From the Kanawha Canal - To the James River

Wind Box
Waterpower was also likely used to stoke the iron furnace inside Tredegar's Central Foundry. As the waterwheel turned, a small fan—or wind box—pushed air into the furnace to intensify the fire.

This replica is representative of the many overshot waterwheels that once populated the site.

The waterwheel fed energy to these long belts, which powered Tredegar's machine shops. The Valentine

overshot waterwheel replica was made possible by generous support from BB&T Bank.
HM NumberHM1WY0
Placed ByTredegar Iron Works and BB&T Bank
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Tuesday, February 21st, 2017 at 9:01am PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18S E 283907 N 4157044
Decimal Degrees37.53508333, -77.44571667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 37° 32.105', W 77° 26.743'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds37° 32' 6.3" N, 77° 26' 44.58" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)804
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling West
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 470 Tredegar St, Richmond VA 23219, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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