Battle of Franklin, Eastern Flank

Battle of Franklin, Eastern Flank (HM1YNV)

Location: Franklin, TN 37064 Williamson County
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Country: United States of America
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N 35° 54.614', W 86° 51.611'

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McGavock Gristmill and Sawmill

During the battle, Confederate forces charged a gristmill and sawmill that stood directly in front of you on the Lewisburg Pike. In antebellum Middle Tennessee, tobacco grew well in the north, while cotton blossomed in the south. Corn, wheat, and timber flourished around Franklin. This local surplus of grains and wood created a great demand for mills, and several were constructed. John McGavock and business partner C.C. Barrett erected their gristmill and sawmill here late in the 1850s to supply the town and countryside with fine flour and sawed lumber.

The mill reflected the modern age as well as the ancient world. Although the machinery ran on belts and gears turned by a steam engine, the foundational device of the Industrial Revolution, a male slave whom McGavock purchased for $2,500 operated the boiler and mill. This high price (twice as expensive as most adult male slave) was due to his rare skills—he was essentially an engineer.

The fates of the buildings and the slave are unknown. John McGavock likely sent the man southward early in the Civil War, as he did with most of his slaves, in an attempt to keep them from running away to freedom as Federal forces approached.
Series This marker is part of the Tennessee: Tennessee Civil War Trails series
Placed ByTennessee Civil War Trails
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Thursday, June 1st, 2017 at 9:02am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)16S E 512615 N 3974001
Decimal Degrees35.91023333, -86.86018333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 35° 54.614', W 86° 51.611'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds35° 54' 36.84" N, 86° 51' 36.66" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)615
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1345 Eastern Flank Cir, Franklin TN 37064, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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