Fayette County Court House / Washington Court House Riot of 1894

Fayette County Court House / Washington Court House Riot of 1894 (HM209F)

Location: Washington Court House, OH 43160 Fayette County
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Country: United States of America
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N 39° 32.168', W 83° 26.385'

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Archibald M. Willard Murals

Fayette County Court House Opened on May 1, 1885, this is the third Fayette County Court House building. Ohio artist Archibald Willard, who is best known for the patriotic painting, "The Spirit of '76," was commissioned by the firm Cooks Brothers to do painting and fresco work for the interior walls of the courthouse. Willard did not sign his work and the artist's identity remained a mystery for nearly 75 years until confirmation was made in August 1956. The artist's name was cleverly disguised in the delivery address of the letter in "The Spirit of the U.S. Mail" mural. The other primary murals, "Spirit of Electricity" and "Spirit of the Telegraph," adorn the third floor corridor.

Washington Court House Riot of 1894
On October 16, 1894, a crowd gathered outside the courthouse with intent to lynch alleged attacker William "Jasper" Dolby. Governor William McKinley ordered Ohio National Guard troops sent in to subdue the crowd. The mob was initially thwarted, but on October 17, while Dolby awaited transportation from the jail to the courthouse, the riots intensified. Despite Dolby's guilty plea to rape and a 20-year sentence, the crowd sought vengeance. They rushed the courthouse doors, and were warned to "disperse or be fired upon." They ignored the warning and continued to batter the doors. Colonel Alonzo
B. Coit ordered his troops to fire through the courthouse doors; five men were killed. Colonel Coit was indicted for manslaughter and was acquitted at trial. After the trial, Governor McKinley stated, "The law was upheld as it should have been...but in this case at fearful cost... Lynching cannot be tolerated in Ohio." The bullet holes are still visible in the south doors of the courthouse.
HM NumberHM209F
Year Placed2002
Placed ByOhio Bicentennial Commission, The Longaberger Company, Fayette County Travel and Tourism Bureau, and The Ohio Historical Society
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, July 31st, 2017 at 7:03am PDT -07:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 290329 N 4379117
Decimal Degrees39.53613333, -83.43975000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 39° 32.168', W 83° 26.385'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds39° 32' 10.08" N, 83° 26' 23.1" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)740
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling West
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 106-110 US-22, Washington Court House OH 43160, US
Alternative Maps Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap

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