Battle of Buﬃngton Island
End of the Longest Raid
Under fire from three directions, Morgan and
his troops scrambled for cover by following the
River Road upriver in hopes that they could cross
at another ford. Confederate Colonel Basil Duke
brought up the rear but the beleaguered troops
were low on ammunition. Caught in the crossfire,
Confederate soldiers were scattered across
the fields and the River Road became blocked
by overturned wagons. Seeing an opportunity
to end the battle, Hobson's cavalry attacked
Duke's greatly outnumbered troops and forced
them to surrender.
Morgan continued to ride north through numerous
eastern Ohio counties, his force reduced to about
600 men, until Union troops and Ohio militia
captured him near West Point in Columbiana
County on July 26.
Believing that he would be exchanged or paroled,
Morgan was surprised to find out that he would be
a prisoner at the Ohio Penitentiary in Columbus.
Governor David Tod ordered his confinement at
the prison to prevent escape and, perhaps,
to punish the marauding general as a horse thief.
In order to ensure that Morgan and his officers
would not escape from the prisoner of war
camps in Ohio, Governor Tod had the raiders
jailed at the Ohio Penitentiary for "safekeeping".
They were taken to their cells
in the East Hall
and carefully monitored by the guards.
Top left newspaper clip: Newspapers quickly announced the capture of the infamous
John Hunt Morgan.
Bottom left: After failing again to bluff his way out, General Morgan was forced to surrender the remnants of his raiders.
Top right: The autograph book signed by the officers while at the Ohio Penitentiary.