Immigration & Industry

Immigration & Industry (HM25AK)

Location: Bethlehem, PA 18015 Northampton County
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Country: United States of America
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N 40° 36.896', W 75° 22.087'

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Generations of Workers, Waves of Immigrants

Imagine leaving behind all you know and starting a new life in a foreign place with few friends and little money. From the 1880s to the 1920s, millions of European immigrants arrived in the US in hope of finding work and a better life. Many found jobs in Bethlehem's iron and steel industry. Europeans were not the only foreign workers. In the 1920s, Bethlehem Steel recruited hundreds of Mexicans to fill in the labor force. In the late 1940s, Puerto Ricans moved to the area to take jobs at the plant, too.
Ethnic organizations and churches sprang up all around South Bethlehem, where immigrants could speak their own language and socialize with people from home. Within the mill, workers were often assigned to jobs by ethnicity, with Europeans working in the mills, blast furnaces and on labor crews. Mexicans and Puerto Ricans worked in the hot, grimy coke works. People from around the world became part of the plant's and the town's social fabric.
[Photo captions, from left to right, read]
· Charles Michalerya came to Bethlehem from a small village in Austria-Hungary in 1910, taking a job in the rolling mill. He and his wife Mary had eight children. All of the boys-except the youngest, Charles Jr.-followed their father into careers as steelworkers.
· This sign, written in English, German, and Hungarian,

was posted near the employment office in the early 1900s.
HM NumberHM25AK
Placed BySteelStacks
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, February 5th, 2018 at 4:01pm PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)18T E 468861 N 4496077
Decimal Degrees40.61493333, -75.36811667
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 40° 36.896', W 75° 22.087'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds40° 36' 53.76" N, 75° 22' 5.22" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)484, 610
Closest Postal AddressAt or near HMT, Bethlehem PA 18015, US
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