Burning Of Columbia

Burning Of Columbia (HM25G1)

Location: Columbia, SC 29201 Richland County
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Country: United States of America
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N 34° 0.09', W 81° 2.012'

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(side 1)
Due to Columbia's strategic value, capture of the city was an objective of the Union Army during the Carolina's Campaign of 1865. By Feb. 15 Union forces had moved to within 4 miles of the city and met opposition from Confederate skirmishes and artillery batteries. After offering a cursory defense of the city, C.S.A. commanders P.G.T. Beauregard and Wade Hampton ordered a final evacuation of Columbia on the morning of Feb. 17, 1865 and by the afternoon Union forces occupied the town.
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(side 2)
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By 1865 Columbia had become a central store of cotton in the Confederacy and as Union forces entered the city cotton bales lined much of Richardson (now Main) St. Several cotton fires were reported on the night of Feb. 16-17 and others were burning on the afternoon of Feb. 17. On the night of Feb. 17-18 fires — aided by high winds, burning cotton, and Union soldiers — destroyed much of Columbia's main commercial district and more than 450 buildings in all, a large portion of the city.
HM NumberHM25G1
Year Placed2015
Placed ByS.C. Civil War Sesquicentennial Advisory Board
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Monday, February 12th, 2018 at 7:01am PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 496903 N 3762322
Decimal Degrees34.00150000, -81.03353333
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 34° 0.09', W 81° 2.012'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds34° 0' 5.4" N, 81° 2' 0.72" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)704, 803
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling North
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1202 Main St, Columbia SC 29201, US
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