Cotton (HM25MG)

Location: Augusta, GA 30901 Richmond County
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Country: United States of America
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N 33° 28.686', W 81° 57.837'

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Although was cultivated an in small quantities in the South during the eighteenth century, it was not considered a profitable crop because of the difficulty of separating the seed from the fiber.

In 1793, Eli Whitney, a young man from Massachusetts, accepted a teaching position in Georgia, and while residing as a guest on a friend's plantation, invented a device that would mechanically separate cotton seed from the fibers. Whitney's cotton engine or "gin" transformed the economy of the South.

Cotton became the great crop of the region, and the nation's main export. With every decade, production doubled, and most Southerners agreed with South Carolina Senator James Hammond's exclamation, "Cotton is King!"

As the center of a vast cotton growing empire, Augusta prospered as the second largest inland cotton market in the world, a distinction that it claimed until the mid-twentieth century.

Reynolds Street with its warehouses along the river was known as "Cotton Row." The stacked bales were so numerous during seasons of peak market activity, that a person could walk on top of the bales in every block "from Fifth Street to Thirteenth Street."
HM NumberHM25MG
Marker ConditionNo reports yet
Date Added Friday, February 23rd, 2018 at 1:02pm PST -08:00
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Locationbig map
UTM (WGS84 Datum)17S E 410438 N 3704706
Decimal Degrees33.47810000, -81.96395000
Degrees and Decimal MinutesN 33° 28.686', W 81° 57.837'
Degrees, Minutes and Seconds33° 28' 41.16" N, 81° 57' 50.22" W
Driving DirectionsGoogle Maps
Area Code(s)706
Which side of the road?Marker is on the right when traveling South
Closest Postal AddressAt or near 1 8th St, Augusta GA 30901, US
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