Fort TottenIn 1860, the Union capital, Washington, D.C., was a sleepy city of approximately 62,000 residents. The city sat almost completely unprotected, with Fort Washington, the lone fortification, being 12 miles south. Virginia, a Confederate state, lay on one side of the city, and Maryland, a slave-owning state, was on the other leaving Washington dangerously vulnerable. Realizing the potential danger the city faced, the Union army constructed additional fortifications for the city. By 1865, the Defenses of Washington included 68 forts, supported by 93 detached batteries for field guns, 20 miles of rifle pits and, wooden blockhouses at three key points, 32 miles of military roads, several stockade bridgeheads, and four picket stations. Along the circumference of the 37-mile circle of fortifications were emplacements for a total of 1501 field and siege guns of which 807 guns and 98 mortars were in place. The defenseless city of 1860 had become one of the most heavily fortified cities of the world.
|Placed By||National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior|
|Marker Condition||No reports yet|
|Date Added||Tuesday, March 27th, 2018 at 4:01am PDT -07:00|
|UTM (WGS84 Datum)||18S E 326067 N 4314267|
|Decimal Degrees||38.96011667, -77.00743333|
|Degrees and Decimal Minutes||N 38° 57.607', W 77° 0.446'|
|Degrees, Minutes and Seconds||38° 57' 36.42" N, 77° 0' 26.76" W|
|Driving Directions||Google Maps|
|Closest Postal Address||At or near 5801-5945 South Dakota Ave NE, Washington DC 20011, US|
|Alternative Maps||Google Maps, MapQuest, Bing Maps, Yahoo Maps, MSR Maps, OpenCycleMap, MyTopo Maps, OpenStreetMap|
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